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This list relates to the academic year Academic Year 2014/15 which ended on 01/07/2015
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  1. Lecture 1 INTRODUCTION (J. Merkel and C. O’Grady) 7 items
    This session discusses the recent history of conservation in the western world; its development from a skilled craft to what is now often described as a ‘scientific discipline’. The main aim is to understand how the different contexts where conservation is carried out may affect conservators and their decision-making processes. The session will also examine the contemporary context of museums and discuss its impact on conservation practice.
    1. Reading 4 items
      1. Conservation and Archaeology: A report on interdisciplinary workshops for conservators and Archaeologists - C. Chemello, A. Boccia Paterakis March 2014

        Article Essential Available at Courtauld Institute of Art.

    2. Further Reading 3 items
      1. Introduction - W. A. Oddy

        Chapter 

  2. Lecture 2 CONDITION ASSESSMENT (R. Peters) 21 items
    Introduction to condition assessments in archaeological conservation. What should be recorded? Use of sketches and documentation of condition.
    1. Reading 5 items
      1. The conservation and restoration of ceramics - Susan Buys, Victoria Oakley 1993

        Book  Particularly 40-63, 74-119.

      2. The elements of archaeological conservation - J. M. Cronyn, W. S. Robinson 1990

        Book Essential Chapter 1: ‘Introducing Archaeological Conservation’, pp.1-13; Chapter 2: ‘Agents of Deterioration and Preservation,’ pp.14-4

    2. Further Reading 9 items
      1. Conservation documentation - M. Corfield

        Chapter 

      2. Conservation practices on archaeological excavations: principles and methods - Corrado Pedelì, Stefano Pulga, Erik Risser 2013

        Book 

      3. Conservation and care of glass objects - Stephen P. Koob, Corning Museum of Glass c2006

        Book 

      4. The Brave New World of Conservation - R. Peters

        Chapter 

      5. Caring for the past: issues in conservation for archaeology and museums - Elizabeth Pye 2001

        Book  See especially Chapters 5 & 6.

    3. Other Web Resources 7 items
  3. Lecture 3 EFFECTS OF BURIAL AND EXCAVATION (J. Merkel) 6 items
    This lecture introduces the burial factors affecting deterioration of archaeological materials.
    1. Reading 4 items
      1. A Guide to the storage, exhibition and handling of antiquities, ethnographia and pictorial art - Susan Bradley, British Museum 1993

        Book Essential Read the sections entitled ‘Environment’ pp. 1-14 and ‘General guidelines on handling’ pp 15-17.

      2. The elements of archaeological conservation - J. M. Cronyn, W. S. Robinson 1990

        Book Essential pp. 14-42.

      3. A conservation manual for the field archaeologist - Catherine Sease 1994

        Book  (2nd edition 1992, 3rd edition 1994)

      4. First aid for finds - David Watkinson, Virginia Neal, United Kingdom Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works, Museum of London 1998

        Book Essential pp. 1-11.

    2. Further Reading 2 items
      1. Chapter 1 - D. J. Huisman

        Chapter 

      2. Conservation practices on archaeological excavations: principles and methods - Corrado Pedelì, Stefano Pulga, Erik Risser 2013

        Book  Chapter 2 & 3

  4. Lecture 4 CONSOLIDATION, LIFTING AND HANDLING (J. Hales) 6 items
    A review of lifting techniques is presented along with a practical session on application of recommended adhesives for consolidation. The lecture builds upon experience you have already.
    1. Reading 3 items
      1. First aid for the excavation of archaeological textiles - Carole Gillis, Marie-Louise Nosch, Centre for Textile Research (Danish National Research Foundation) c2007

        Book 

    2. Further Reading 3 items
      1. A conservation manual for the field archaeologist - Catherine Sease 1994

        Book  (2nd edn 1992, 3rd edn 1994)

      2. Chapter 4 - Corrado Pedelì et al.

        Chapter 

      3. First aid for finds - David Watkinson, Virginia Neal, United Kingdom Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works, Museum of London 1998

        Book 

  5. Lecture 5 PACKAGING AND TRANSPORT (J. Hale) 4 items
    The lecture covers methods and materials used for packaging and storage of excavated objects. The practical session includes packaging of selected objects for storage.
    1. Reading 3 items
      1. Plastic storage containers: A comparison - Nigel R Larkin, Elena Makridou, Gill Comerford 01/1998

        Article Essential

      2. Rehousing a collection of archaeological textiles - Elizabeth E Peacock, Elizabeth Griffin 01/1998

        Article Essential

      3. Section 3: Packing finds for storage - David Watkinson et al.

        Chapter 

    2. Further Reading 1 item
      1. Storage of natural history collections: ideas and practical solutions - Carolyn L. Rose, Amparo R. de Torres, Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections 1992

        Book 

  6. Lecture 6 PRACTICAL SESSION: Lifting, Consolidation and Packaging (J. Merkel and E. Payne) 0 items
    The session includes aspects of pre-excavation planning, special excavation/lifting techniques and the constraints involved in working on site. (Additional readings to be provided for the session.)
  7. Lecture 7 PREVENTIVE CONSERVATION (J. Hales) 8 items
    The lecture covers the factors in the environment which damage objects and structures as well as the methods for monitoring and control of relative humidity.
    1. Reading 3 items
      1. Control and measurement of the environment - S. Staniforth

        Chapter Essential

      2. The museum environment - Garry Thomson, International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works 1994

        Book Essential pp. 2- 64 and 66-127

    2. Further Reading 5 items
      1. Climate in museums: measurement = Climat dans le musée : mesure - Gaël de Guichen, International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and the Restoration of Cultural Property 1984

        Book 

      2. Relative humidity re-examined - D. Erhardt, M. Mecklenburg

        Chapter 

  8. Lecture 8 MUSEUMS AND COLLECTIONS (D. Sully) 3 items
    Most excavated artefacts are eventually deposited and stored in archaeological archives. This session introduces the key features of collections management, of which collections care is a part.
    1. Reading 3 items
  9. Lecture 9 CONSERVATION ON EXCAVATIONS and CONSERVATION LABWORK (J. Merkel) 14 items
    This lecture covers documentation on site before lifting as well as stratigraphy and soil conditions relevant to block lifting. What archaeological information should be included for conservation? The topic includes field condition assessments of archaeological materials selected for specialist lifting.
    1. Reading 11 items
      1. The elements of archaeological conservation - J. M. Cronyn, W. S. Robinson 1990

        Book Essential pp. 1-13 and 43-101

      2. Drawing archaeological finds: a handbook - N. Griffiths, M. A. Jenner, Christine Wilson, University College, London 1990

        Book  pp. 23- 50

      3. Retrieval of objects from archaeological sites - Robert Payton 1992

        Book Essential pp. 1- 26 and check other interesting case studies.

      4. Conservation practices on archaeological excavations: principles and methods - Corrado Pedelì, Stefano Pulga, Erik Risser 2013

        Book Essential p. 3-11, 93-96

      5. A conservation manual for the field archaeologist - Catherine Sease 1994

        Book Essential (2nd ed 1992, 3rd ed 1994)

      6. Conservation on archaeological excavations: with particular reference to the Mediterranean area - Nicholas Stanley-Price, International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and the Restoration of Cultural Property 1995

        Book 

      7. Conservation of cultural heritage: key principles and approaches - Hanna M. Szczepanowska 2013

        Book Essential p. 3-13.

      8. Preparation for field conservation in the Near East - Kathryn Walker Tubb 01/1985

        Article  Available only in print at UCL library.

      9. First aid for finds - David Watkinson, Virginia Neal, United Kingdom Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works, Museum of London 1998

        Book Essential pp. 30-42, 58-62, 68-73

      10. CCI Notes

        Webpage  CCI Notes deal with topics of interest to those who care for cultural objects. Intended for a broad audience, the Notes offer practical advice about issues and questions related to the care, handling, and storage of cultural objects.

    2. Further Reading 3 items
      This READING LIST introduces the general processes of laboratory conservation and conservation of material from the Petrie Museum
      1. Early conservation techniques in the Petrie Museum - R. Jaeschke, H. Jaeschke

        Chapter Essential

  10. Lecture 10 Conservation of archaeological sites (T. Williams) 19 items
    Archaeologists have a long tradition of excavating archaeological sites and then abandoning them. Archaeological site management has emerged as a discipline as a result of widespread concerns about the conservation and interpretation of archaeological sites, including preservation in-situ, access to archaeological knowledge, and the display of excavated sites. This has taken place against a background of increasing pressures from cultural tourism, pollution, climate change and settlement expansion. It is clear that simple reactive intervention is not sufficient to balance the long-term preservation of sites with the contemporary needs of users, and thus holistic approaches to site management are currently being theorised and developed. Numerous approaches to in-situ site conservation have been developed. Shelters have been used for a long time to protect archaeological features, most commonly mosaics, but are now being used on a variety of scales and sites. What are the critical design considerations? Reburial has also become increasingly used as a conservation strategy, and this is often seen as cost-effective and easy to achieve; but without careful planning, it can be a damaging intervention.
    1. Reading 7 items
      1. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 2004

        Journal  Colloquium on reburial of archaeological sites, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA 17-21 March 2003

      2. A planning model for the management of archaeological sites - S. Sullivan

        Chapter  Teaching Collection (MAG 127) (Planning model for the management of archaeological sites) is also available at UCL library.

    2. Further Reading 12 items
      1. Preserving archaeological remains in situ: proceedings of the conference of 1st-3rd April 1996 - M. C. Corfield, Museum of London, University of Bradford 1998

        Book 

      2. Recording, documentation, and information management for the conservation of heritage places - Robin Letellier, Werner Schmid, François LeBlanc, Rand Eppich 2011

        Book  Vol.2

      3. Preserving archaeological remains in situ: proceedings of the 3rd conference, 7-9 December 2006, Amsterdam - H. Kars, R. M. van Heeringen, Preserving Archaeological Remains in Situ Conference 2008

        Book 

      4. Recording, documentation, and information management for the conservation of heritage places - Robin Letellier, Werner Schmid, François LeBlanc, Rand Eppich 2011

        Book  Vol.1

      5. Archaeological site conservation and management An appraisal of recent trends - Frank Matero, Kecia L. Fong, Elisa Del Bono, Mark Goodman 04/1998

        Article 

      6. Conservation practices on archaeological excavations: principles and methods - Corrado Pedelì, Stefano Pulga, Erik Risser 2013

        Book 

      7. Debating the archaeological heritage - Robin Skeates 2000

        Book 

      8. Time honored: a global view of architectural conservation : parameters, theory, & evolution of an ethos - John H. Stubbs, World Monuments Fund (New York, N.Y.) c2009

        Book 

  11. Lecture 11 CONSERVATION OF CERAMICS AND GLASS (J. Hales) 11 items
    This lecture focuses on the nature, deterioration, and conservation of ceramics and glass as well as on the information which investigation and conservation of artefacts can provide.
    1. Reading 8 items
      1. The conservation and restoration of ceramics - Susan Buys, Victoria Oakley 1993

        Book Essential Particularly Part 2.

      2. The elements of archaeological conservation - J. M. Cronyn, W. S. Robinson 1990

        Book Essential pp. 102-159

      3. Conservation and restoration of glass - Sandra Davison, R. G. Newton 2003

        Book 

      4. Deterioration of ceramics, glass and stone - C. Pearson

        Chapter Essential

      5. Conservation of Ceramics, glass and stone - C. Pearson

        Chapter Essential

      6. Conservation of glass - R. G. Newton, Sandra Davison 1996

        Book  Read the Introduction and Section 7 on conservation

      7. The desalination of consolidated ceramics - Alice B. Paterakis

        Chapter 

    2. Further Reading 3 items
      1. Are Attic Vases ‘Archaeological’? - G. Rozeik, J. Dawson, L. Wrapson

        Chapter 

      2. CCI Notes

        Webpage  CCI Notes deal with topics of interest to those who care for cultural objects. Intended for a broad audience, the Notes offer practical advice about issues and questions related to the care, handling, and storage of cultural objects.

  12. Lecture 12 PRACTICAL SESSION: CERAMICS (J. Merkel and E. Payne) 1 item
    The practical session discusses methods and materials for, and provides experience in, reconstruction of ceramics. Modern ceramics are used for the practical session.
    1. Reading 1 item
      1. The elements of archaeological conservation - J. M. Cronyn, W. S. Robinson 1990

        Book Essential pp. 102-159.

  13. Lecture 13 CONSERVATION OF ORGANIC OBJECTS (D. Sully) 10 items
    This lecture presents a survey of conservation treatments for organic materials, including waterlogged wood and leather. Examples are drawn from UK excavations.
    1. Reading 8 items
      1. The elements of archaeological conservation - J. M. Cronyn, W. S. Robinson 1990

        Book Essential pp. 238-295.

      2. Waterlogged artefacts: the nature of the materials - M-L. Florian 1977

        Article Essential Available only in print at UCL library.

      3. The conservation of artifacts made from plant materials - Mary-Lou E. Florian, Dale Paul Kronkright, Ruth E. Norton c1990

        Book 

      4. The Conservation of an Eighth Century A.D. Sleeveless Coptic Tunic - Ksynia Marko and Margaret Dobbie 1982

        Article Essential

      5. The recovery and storage of materials from waterlogged deposits at York - Jim Spriggs 01/1980

        Article Essential Available only in print at UCL library.

    2. Further Reading 2 items
      1. CCI Notes

        Webpage  CCI Notes deal with topics of interest to those who care for cultural objects. Intended for a broad audience, the Notes offer practical advice about issues and questions related to the care, handling, and storage of cultural objects.

  14. Lecture 14 CONSERVATION OF STONE AND MOSAICS (C. O’Grady) 19 items
    This lecture presents an overview of treatments that are currently used for the conservation of porous building materials.
    1. Reading: 10 items
      1. Lessons learned: reflecting on the theory and practice of mosaic conservation : proceedings of the 9th ICCM Conference, Hammamet, Tunisia, November 29-December 3, 2005 - Aïcha Ben Abed Ben Khader, M. Demas, Thomas Roby, International Committee for the Conservation of Mosaics 2008

        Book  Available also online

      2. History of restoration of ancient stone sculptures - Janet Burnett Grossman, Jerry Podany, Marion True, J. Paul Getty Museum c2003

        Book  Available also online.

      3. Mosaic Conservation: Fifty Years of Modern Practice - G. de Guichen, R. Nardi

        Chapter  Available also online.

      4. A history of architectural conservation - Jukka Jokilehto 1999

        Book 

      5. Stone conservation: an overview of current research - C. A. Price, Eric Ferguson Doehne, Getty Conservation Institute 2010

        Book  The first edition available online.

      6. The conservation of the Orpheus mosaic at Paphos, Cyprus - Nicholas Stanley-Price, Cyprus, Getty Conservation Institute c1991

        Book  Available also online.

    2. Further Reading: 8 items
      1. The Australia ICOMOS charter for the conservation of places of cultural significance (the Burra charter) - Australia ICOMOS. 1981

        Book  Adopted 1979, with revisions in 1981 and 1988

      2. Conservation of historic buildings - Bernard M. Feilden 2003

        Book  Start with Introduction to architectural conservation.

      3. Stone conservation: an overview of current research - C. A. Price, Eric Ferguson Doehne, Getty Conservation Institute 2010

        Book  The first edition available online.

    3. In addition, there has been a succession of international conferences on stone conservation, the proceedings of which are held in the Institute library.

  15. Lecture 15 CONSERVATION OF METALLIC ARTEFACTS (J. Merkel) 18 items
    This lecture presents a survey of conservation treatments for archaeological metals, principally bronze, iron and steel. Ethics and objectives for conservation of gold alloys are also discussed.
    1. Reading: 4 items
      1. The elements of archaeological conservation - J. M. Cronyn, W. S. Robinson 1990

        Book Essential pages 213-230

      2. Chapter 8 - Hanna M. Szczepanowska

        Chapter Essential

    2. Further Reading: 11 items
      1. Metals - F. Shearman

        Chapter 

      2. Copper and bronze in art: corrosion, colorants, conservation - David A. Scott, Getty Conservation Institute 2002

        Book 

      3. Iron and steel in art: corrosion, colorants, conservation - David A. Scott, Gerhard Eggert 2009

        Book 

      4. The Sutton Hoo Helmet - N. Williams

        Chapter 

      5. Conservation of metal objects - Kyushik Lee, Jaeeun Yu, Hyeyoun Lee, Inhee Go 2012

        Book 

    3. Selected web sites: 3 items
      1. CCI Notes

        Webpage  CCI Notes deal with topics of interest to those who care for cultural objects. Intended for a broad audience, the Notes offer practical advice about issues and questions related to the care, handling, and storage of cultural objects.

  16. Lecture 16 and 17 MUSEUM VISITS (details to be confirmed) 2 items
    1. Visit to Museum of London www.museumoflondon.org.uk  

    2. Visit to the British Museum http://www.britishmuseum.org/  

  17. Lecture 18 CONSERVATION AND THE TRADE IN ANTIQUITIES (K. Tubb) 9 items
    Conservators have been criticized for focusing too closely on individual objects to the exclusion of the wider archaeological framework. Should the conservators’ main responsibility be to the object regardless of its history? What impact does conservation have on the economic value of artefacts? These questions will be addressed in the context of the destruction of the archaeological record to stock an ever-expanding market in antiquities.
    1. Reading 9 items
      1. Stealing history: the illicit trade in cultural material - Neil Brodie, Jennifer Doole, Peter Watson, International Council of Museums 2000

        Book Essential

      2. Cultural property: return and illicit trade - Great Britain 1999

        Book 

      3. Cultural heritage conventions and other instruments: a compendium with commentaries - Patrick J. O'Keefe, Lyndel V. Prott 2011

        Book 

      4. Irreconcilable Differences? Problems with Unprovenanced Antiquities: Reply to Boardman, Brodie, Elia and Kaye - Kathryn Walker Tubb 15/11/2007

        Article Essential See also responses by John Boardman, Neil Brodie, Ricardo Elia and Lawrence Kaye: http://www.pia-journal.co.uk/issue/view/22

  18. Lecture 19 CHEMISTRY IN CONSERVATION, CONSERVATION RESEARCH and LONG-TERM ANALYTICAL OPTIONS (J. Merkel) 29 items
    Objects contain evidence which can help to answer archaeological questions. This lecture introduces the methods used to examine objects and reveal this information. Conservation is intimately linked to an understanding of raw materials, manufacture and deterioration of objects. This session considers the ways in which chemistry and materials science are used in archaeological conservation, and how conservation contributes to an understanding of material culture. How much chemistry is necessary for archaeological conservation? Requirements for post-graduate study in conservation.
    1. Reading: 11 items
      1. The interpretation of artefacts in the history of technology - E. B. Gordon

        Chapter 

      2. Research in archaeological conservation - C. Price 1990

        Article  Available only in print at UCL library

      3. Doing better: increasing the effectiveness of research - C. A. Price

        Chapter Essential

      4. Conservation of cultural heritage: key principles and approaches - Hanna M. Szczepanowska 2013

        Book 

    2. Further reading, selected references: 18 items
      1. Cleaning - Crafts Council (Great Britain) c1983

        Book 

      2. Chemical science and conservation - David Burgess 1990

        Book 

      3. Archaeological chemistry - Zvi Goffer, Wiley InterScience (Online service) c2007

        Book 

      4. Conservation science: heritage materials - Eric May, Mark Jones c2006

        Book 

      5. Scanning electron microscopy in archaeology - Sandra L. Olsen 1988

        Book 

      6. Archaeological chemistry - A. M. Pollard, Carl Heron, Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain) c2008

        Book 

      7. Analytical techniques in materials conservation - Barbara Stuart, Wiley InterScience (Online service) c2007

        Book 

      8. The practical impact of science on field archaeology: maintaining long-term analytical options : a workshop on Cyprus, 22 & 23 July 1995 : handouts from the workshop - American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Panepistēmio Kyprou, Cyprus American Archaeological Research Institute (Nicosia, Cyprus) 1995

        Book 

  19. Lecture 20 REVIEW OF THE COURSE AND INITIAL REVISION SESSION FOR THE FINAL EXAMINATION (J. Merkel) 0 items
    Review: Course Evaluation Forms
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