globe
This list relates to the academic year Academic Year 2014/15 which ended on 01/07/2015
This list has been archived
  1. Introductory Reading 19 items
    1. The early history of metallurgy in Europe - Tylecote, R. F. 1987

      Book Recommended Book

    2. Early metal mining and production - Craddock, P. T. 1995

      Book Recommended

    3. Metals and metalworking: a research framework for archaeometallurgy - Bayley, J., Crossley, David W., Ponting, Matthew, Historical Metallurgy Society 2008

      Book Recommended Online Book - A more detailed introduction to Archaeometallurgy (with a strong British flavour) can be found in the following volume.

    4. Basic (but very useful) introductions to archaeometallurgy 5 items
      1. Metals: Chemical analysis - Rehren Thilo 2008

        Chapter Recommended Online book

      2. Mining and smelting in Antiquity - P.T. Craddock 1991

        Chapter Recommended Scanned material

      3. Archaeometallurgy: The Study of Preindustrial Mining and Metallurgy - David. Killick, T. Fenn 2012

        Article Recommended Online Journal

      4. Metals - J.B. Lambert

        Chapter Recommended Scanned Material

    5. Collections of articles 6 items
      1. Archaeometallurgy in Europe: international conference, 24-25-26 September 2003, Milan, Italy : proceedings - Archaeometallurgy in Europe, Associazione italiana di metallurgia c2003

        Book Recommended Book

      2. Archaeometallurgy in Europe: 2nd international conference, Aquileia, Italy, 17-21 June 2007 : selected papers - Archaeometallurgy in Europe, Associazione italiana di metallurgia c2007

        Book Recommended Book

      3. Mining and metal production through the ages - Lang, Janet, Craddock, P. T. c2003

        Book Recommended Book

      4. The world of iron - Jane Humphris, Thilo Rehren 2013

        Book Recommended

      5. Metals and mines: studies in archaeometallurgy - Craddock, P. T., Hook, Duncan R., La Niece, Susan c2007

        Book Recommended Book

    6. Some online resources 4 items
  2. LECTURE 1: INTRODUCTION. ORES, MINERALS AND METALS. (MINING ARCHAEOLGY) 6 items
    1. Essential Reading 2 items
      1. Bronze age copper mining in Britain and Ireland - O'Brien, William 1996

        Book Essential

    2. Recommended Readings 4 items
      1. Social approaches to an industrial past: the archaeology and anthropology of mining - Knapp, Arthur Bernard, Piggott, Vincent C., Herbert, Eugenia W. 1998

        Book Recommended

  3. LECTURE 2: PRINCIPES OF METAL SMELTING 7 items
    1. Essential Reading 3 items
      1. The development fo early mining geology - P Craddock

        Chapter Essential Digitized material

      2. De re metallica - Agricola, Georgius, Hoover, Lou Henry, Hoover, Herbert 1912

        Book Essential Online book available. Please be aware this is slow to load.

      3. Introduction and Chapter 1, Mineral deposits - W.G. Shackleton

        Chapter Essential Book

    2. Recommended Readings 4 items
      1. Ore deposit geology and its influence on mineral exploration - Edwards, Richard, Atkinson, Keith 1986

        Book Recommended Read Chapters 4 (Hydrothermal Vein Deposits pp 143-146), Chapter 5 (Placer and Paleo-Placers pp. 175-200) and dip into chapters 6.1, 6.2,7.6 and 8.1 and 8.2.

      2. High temperature technology in antiquity - J. Rehder 1999

        Chapter Recommended

      3. Ores from the ore washeries in the Lavriotiki - Th. Rehren 2002

        Article Recommended Digitized article

      4. Direct reduction to copper metal by oxide-sulfide mineral interaction - W. Rostoker, V. Pigott, J.R. Dvorak 1989

        Article Recommended Journal article

  4. LECTURE 3: THE INCEPTION AND TRANSMISSION OF COPPER METALLURGY 23 items
    1. Essential Reading 5 items
      1. On the origins of extractive metallurgy: new evidence from Europe - R Radivojevic, T Rehren, E Pernicka 2010

        Article Essential Electronic journal

      2. Tainted ores and the rise of tin bronzes in Eurasia, c. 6500 years ago - M. Radivojevic, T. Rehren, J. Kuzmanović Cvetković, M. Jovanovic 2013

        Article Essential

      3. Development of metallurgy in Eurasia - B. W. Roberts, C.P. Thornton, V. Pigott 2009

        Article Essential Electronic journal

    2. Recommended Readings 18 items
      See issues 22/3 and 22/4 of the Journal of World Prehistory for an overview of issues in early metallurgy across the world, and read about your favourite region.
      1. Ancient metallurgy in the USSR: the early metal age - Chernykh, E. N. 1991

        Book Recommended Book

      2. Paradigms of metallurgical innovation in prehistoric Europe - Paul. Craddock 1999

        Article Recommended Book

      3. Recent Discoveries Concerning Chalcolithic Metallurgy at Shiqmim, Israel - Jonathan Golden, Thomas E. Levy, Andreas Hauptmann 2001

        Article Recommended Online journal

      4. The archaeometallurgy of copper: evidence from Faynan, Jordan - Hauptmann, Andreas 2007

        Book Recommended Book

      5. Prehistoric copper production in the Inn Valley (Austria), and the earliest copper in central Europe - B. Hoppner, M. Bartelheim, M. Huijsmans, R. Krauss 2005

        Article Recommended Online journal

      6. Early metalworking at Cayonu - R. Maddin, J.D. Muhly, T. Stech 1999

        Chapter Recommended

      7. Early metallurgy in China: some challenging issues in current studies - J. Mei 2009

        Chapter Recommended

      8. Copper Ornaments in the Iberian Chalcolithic: Technology versus Social Demand - M. Murillo-Barroso, I. Montero-Ruiz 2012

        Article Recommended Online journal

      9. The oldest metallurgy in western Europe - Arturo Ruiz-Taboada, Ignacio Montero-Ruiz 1999

        Article Recommended Online journal

      10. Neolithic copper metallurgy in South West Asia - T. Stech 1990

        Article Recommended Digitized material

      11. Aspects of early metallurgy in Mesopotamia and Anatolia - T. Stech 1999

        Chapter Recommended

      12. The effects of melting on native copper - M.L. Wayman, M.J.M Duke 1999

        Chapter Recommended

  5. LECTURE 4: CRUCIBLES AND FURNACES, METALS AND ALLOYS. EXPLAINING TECHNOLOGICAL CHOICES 48 items
    1. Essential Reading 5 items
    2. Recommended Readings 43 items
      1. Tracing ancient tin via isotope analyses - F Begemann, K Kallas, S Schmitt-Strecker, E Pernicka 1999

        Chapter Recommended Book

      2. Aegean metalwork of the Early and Middle Bronze Age - Branigan, Keith 1974

        Book Recommended Book

      3. Iron in Ancient Copper - P. T. Craddock, N. D. Meeks 08/1987

        Article Recommended Online journal

      4. Bronze age trade in the Mediterranean - Gale, N. H. 1991

        Book Recommended Book

      5. Early metallurgy in Bulgaria - N.H. Gale, z Stos-Gale, A Raduncheva 2003

        Chapter Recommended Book

      6. The problem of early tin - Giumlia-Mair, Alessandra R., Lo Schiavo, Fulvia 2003

        Book Recommended Book

      7. Early Bronze Age copper metallurgy at Shahr-i Sokhta (Iran), reconsidered - A. Hauptmann, Th. Rehren, S. Schmitt-Strecker 2003

        Chapter Recommended Book

      8. Tin isotopy - A new method for solving old questions - M. Haustein, C. Gillis, E. Pernicka 2010

        Article Recommended Online journal

      9. Prehistoric mining and metallurgy in South West Iberian Peninsula - Hunt Ortiz, Mark A. 2003

        Book Recommended Book

      10. Death, Prestige, and Copper in Bronze Age Cyprus - P.S. Keswani 2005

        Article Recommended Online journal

      11. Evidence for Early Bronze Age tin ore processing - Gary J. Laughlin, Judith A. Todd 2000

        Article Recommended Online journal

      12. Copper and Complexity: Iran and Mesopotamia in the Fourth Millennium B.C. - Roger Matthews and Hassan Fazeli 2004

        Article Recommended Online journal

      13. Metalworking: 3. Base metals, part iii: copper and its alloys. - P. R. S Moorey

        Chapter Recommended chapter 3.iii:Copper and its alloys pp 242-278

      14. Copper and bronze in Cyprus and the Eastern Mediterranean - J Muhly 1999

        Chapter Recommended Book

      15. Almizaraque and the early copper metallurgy of southeast Spain: new data - R. Müller, Th. Rehren, S. Rovira 2004

        Article Recommended Journal article

      16. Ancient Tin: Old Question and New Answer - N. Nezafati, E. Pernicka, Morteza Momenzadeh 2006

        Webpage Recommended Digitised reading

      17. Dust in the wind: experimental casting of bronze in sand moulds. - B.S. Ottaway, S Seibel

        Chapter Recommended Book

      18. Tin in antiquity: its mining and trade throughout the ancient world with particular reference to Cornwall - Penhallurick, R. D., Institute of Metals c1986

        Book Recommended Book

      19. The Point Iria wreck: interconnections in the Mediterranean, ca. 1200 BC - Phelps, William W., Lólos, Yannos, Vēchos, Giannēs, Institouto Enaliōn Archaiologikōn Ereunōn 1999

        Book Recommended Book

      20. Prehistoric copper production and technological reproduction in the Khao Wong Prachan Valley of Central Thailand - Thomas Oliver Pryce, Vincent C. Pigott, Marcos Martinón-Torres, Thilo Rehren 12/2010

        Article Recommended Online journal

      21. Fourth millennium BC copper metallurgy in Northern Jordan: The evidence from Tell esh-Shuna - Th. Rehren, K. Hess, G. Philip 1997

        Chapter Recommended Book

      22. Cycladic Metallurgy and the Aegean Early Bronze Age - Renfrew, C. 1967

        Article Recommended Electronic journal

      23. Large scale smelting of speiss and arsenical copper at Early Bronze Age Arisman, Iran - Thilo Rehren, Loïc Boscher, Ernst Pernicka 2012

        Article Recommended Online journal

      24. Lead isotope and chemical composition variation in ores and metals - B. Rohl, S. Needham

        Chapter Recommended Chapter 2: Lead isotope and chemical composition variation in ores and metals, pp. 3-8

      25. Smelting slag from prehistoric Site F2 and N3 in Timna, SW Arabah, Israel. - I Segal, B Rothenberg, M Bar-Matthews 1998

        Chapter Recommended Book

      26. Sources of metals and trade in the Bronze Age Aegean - S Stos-Gale, C Macdonald 1991

        Chapter Recommended Book

      27. The production of speiss (iron arsenide) during the Early Bronze Age in Iran - C.P. Thornton, T Rehren, V.C. Pigott 2009

        Article Recommended Online journal

      28. Al-Aqir near Bahla' - an Early Bronze Age dam site with planoconvex 'copper' ingots - Gerd Weisgerber, Paul Yule 05/2003, 2003

        Article Recommended Paper journal

      29. Das Schiff von Uluburun: Welthandel vor 3000 Jahren : Katalog der Ausstellung des Deutschen Bergbau-Museums Bochum vom 15. Juli 2005 bis 16. Juli 2006 - Pulak, Cemal, Slotta, Rainer, Yalçin, Ünsal, Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum 2005

        Book Recommended Book

  6. LECTURE 5: LEAD AND SILVER 23 items
    1. Essential Reading 4 items
      1. Late Uruk silver production by cupellation at Habuba Kabira, Syria. - E Pernicka, Th Rehren, S Schmitt-Strecker 1998

        Chapter Essential

      2. Medieval lead-silver smelting in the Siegerland, West Germany - T. Rehren, J. Schneider, C. Bartels 1999

        Chapter Essential Digitized material

      3. Huayrachinas and Tocochimbos: Traditional Smelting Technology of the Southern Andes - Mary Van Buren and Barbara H. Mills 2005

        Article Essential Online journal

    2. Recommended Readings 19 items
      1. Roman Jarosite exploitation at Riotinto(Spain) - L. Anguilano, Th. Rehren, W. Muller, B. Rothenberg 2009

        Chapter Recommended Book

      2. The silver of the South Iberian El Argar Culture: A first look at production and distribution - M. Bartelheim, F. Contreras Cortés, A. Moreno Onorato, M. Murillo-Barroso 2012

        Article Recommended

      3. An archaeo-metallurgical study of the use of European furnaces in colonial Bolivia - C.R. Cohen, Th. Rehren, M. Van Buren 2009

        Chapter Recommended Book

      4. Lead isotopic evidence for a mixed provenance for Roman water pipes from Pompeii - M. Boni, G. Di Maio, R. Frei, I. M. Villa 2000

        Article Recommended Online journal

      5. Le plomb en Gaule romaine: techniques de fabrication et produits - Cochet, André, Pernot, Michel 2000

        Book Recommended Book

      6. When the wind blows: environmental adaptability in current day silver production within the Bolivian Andes - C.R. Cohen, T. Rehren, M. Van Buren 2009

        Chapter Recommended Book

      7. Roman lead mining in Germany: its origin and development through time deduced from lead isotope provenance studies - Soodabeh Durali-Mueller, Gerhard Peter Brey, David Wigg-Wolf, Yann Lahaye 2007

        Article Recommended Online journal

      8. Early Bronze Age lead — a unique necklace from southeast Scotland - Fraser Hunter, Mary Davis 1994

        Article Recommended Online journal

      9. Some problems and potentials of the study of cupellation remains: the case of post-medieval Montbéliard - Marcos. Martinón-Torres, N. Thomas, Th. Rehren, A. Mongiatti 2008

        Article Recommended Online journal

      10. Identifying materials recipes and choices: some suggestions for the study of archaeoloical cupels. - M. Martinon-Torres, T. Rehren, N. Thomas, A. Mongiatti 2009

        Article Recommended Digitized material

      11. Early lead smelting sites in the Swaledale area of Yorkshire. - S Murphy, H Baldwin 2001

        Article Recommended Scanned reading

      12. Was silver actually recovered from speiss in antiquity? - V. Kassianidou 1998

        Article Recommended Electronic resource

      13. Lead metal and patina: a comparison - Th Rehren, M Prange 1998

        Chapter Recommended Book

      14. The production of silver in South America. - T. Rehren 2011

        Article Recommended Online journal

      15. Trace element content of Roman lead by neutron activation analysis - A. Wyttenbach, P. A. Schubiger 1973

        Article Recommended Online journal

  7. LECTURE 6: IRON AND STEEL. BLOOMERY SMELTING AND SMITHING 32 items
    1. Essential Reading 8 items
      1. Explaining the evolution of ironmaking recipes – An example from northwest Wales - Michael F. Charlton, Peter Crew, Thilo Rehren, Stephen J. Shennan 2010-9

        Article Essential Online journal

      2. Early metal mining and production - Craddock, P. T. c1995

        Book Essential Book Chapter 7: Iron and Steel, pp. 234-283

      3. The world of iron - Humphris, Jane, Rehren, Thilo 2013

        Book Essential Book

      4. Technology of early historical iron production in the Netherlands - Joosten, Ineke 2004

        Book Essential Book pp7-18

      5. Iron in archaeology: the European bloomery smelters - Pleiner, Radomír 2000

        Book Essential Book

      6. Iron in archaeology: early European blacksmiths - Pleiner, Radomír 2006

        Book Essential Book

      7. Forging and hammering techniques - R.F. Tylecote

        Chapter Essential Book Chapter 7:Forging and hammering techniques. pp. 243-279

      8. The coming of iron in the eastern Mediterranean. - J. Waldbaum 1999

        Article Essential Book

    2. Recommended Readings 24 items
      1. Paléométallurgie du fer et Cultures - Benoit, Paul, Fluzin, Philippe c1995

        Book Recommended Book

      2. Slag inclusions in iron objects and the quest for provenance: an experiment and a case study - Eleanor Blakelock, Marcos Martinón-Torres, Harald A. Veldhuijzen, Tim Young 2009

        Article Recommended Online journal

      3. Iron and steel in ancient times - Buchwald, Vagn Fabritius, Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskab c2005

        Book Recommended Book

      4. Investigating the production provenance of iron artifacts with multivariate methods - Michael F. Charlton, Eleanor Blakelock, Marcos Martinón-Torres, Tim Young 2012

        Article Recommended Online journal

      5. The experimental production of prehistoric bar iron - P. Crew 1991

        Article Recommended Journal article

      6. Aspects of the iron supply - P Crew

        Chapter Recommended Digitized material

      7. The influence of clay and charcoal ash in bloomery slags. - P Crew 2000

        Article Recommended Digitized material

      8. The anatomy of a furnace and some of its ramifications - P. Crew, M.F. Charlton 2007

        Chapter Recommended Electronic resource

      9. Analytical study of iron slag from the Novgorod hinterland - M Martinon-Torres, Th Rehren 2008

        Chapter Recommended Book

      10. Large-scale 2nd to 3rd century AD bloomery iron smelting in Korea - Jang-Sik Park, Thilo Rehren 2011

        Article Recommended Online journal

      11. Cutting edge technology – The Ferghana Process of medieval crucible steel smelting - Th. Rehren, O. Papakhristu 2000

        Article Recommended Journal article

      12. Pre-industrial iron: its technology and ethnology - Rostoker, William, Bronson, Bennet 1990

        Book Recommended Book Chapter 10, pp 101-119; chapter 13, pp 139-152; and chapter 14, pp 153-165

      13. Los Callejones: a Roman Republican iron mining and smelting centre in the south east of the Iberian Peninsula - S. Rovira, M. Lopez-Medina, M. P. Roman-Diaz, C. Martinez-Padillar 2004

        Article Recommended Journal article

      14. Beyond the bloom: bloom refining and iron artifact production in the Roman world - Sim, David, Ridge, Isabel 1998

        Book Recommended Book

      15. 5,000 years old Egyptian iron beads made from hammered meteoritic iron - Thilo Rehren, Tamás Belgya, Albert Jambon, György Káli 2013

        Article Recommended Online journal

      16. Slags and the city: early iron production at Tell Hammeh, Jordan and Tell Beth-Shemesh, Israel - H.A. Veldhuijzen, Th. Rehren 2007

        Article Recommended Book

      17. The coming of the age of iron - Muhly, James David, Wertime, Theodore A. 1980

        Book Recommended Book

  8. LECTURE 7: CAST IRON AND THE INDUSTRIAL, IRON IN AFRICA. 24 items
    1. Reading on cast iron 6 items
      1. Recommended Readings 6 items
        1. The blast furnace at Rockley, South Yorkshire - D. Crossley 1996

          Article Recommended Journal article

        2. Transitions in cast iron technology of the nomads in Mongolia - Eregzen Gelegdorj, Amartuvshin Chunag, Robert B. Gordon, Jang-Sik Park 2007

          Article Recommended Online journal

        3. Ironmaking: the history and archaeology of the iron industry - Hayman, Richard 2005

          Book Recommended Book

        4. Chinese blast furnaces from the 10th to the 14th century. - D.B. Wagner 2003

          Article Recommended Journal article

        5. Science and Civilisation in China. Vol. 5: Chemistry and Chemical Technology. Part 11: Ferrous Metallurgy - Wagner, D.B. 2008

          Book Recommended Book

    2. Reading on iron metallurgy in Africa 18 items
      1. Essential Reading 3 items
        1. What do we know about African iron working? - D. Killick 2004

          Article Essential Journal article

        2. Iron technology in East Africa: symbolism, science, and archaeology - Schmidt, Peter R. c1997

          Book Essential Book

        3. Decisions set in slag: the human factor in African iron smelting. - Th Rehren, M Charlton, S Chirikure, J Humphris

          Chapter Essential Online journal

      2. Recommended Readings 15 items
        1. Ancient African metallurgy: the socio-cultural context - Bisson, Michael S., Vogel, Joseph O. 2000

          Book Recommended Book

        2. Indigenous mining and metallurgy in Africa - Shadreck Chirikure 2010

          Book Recommended

        3. Variability in single smelting episodes – a pilot study using iron slag from Uganda - Jane Humphris, Marcos Martinón-Torres, Thilo Rehren, Andrew Reid 2009

          Article Recommended Online journal

        4. Dhar Néma: from early agriculture to metallurgy in southeastern Mauritania - Kevin C. MacDonald, Robert Vernet, Marcos Martinón-Torres, Dorian Q. Fuller 2009

          Article Recommended Online journal

        5. Early Metal Working in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review of Recent Research - Duncan E. Miller and Nikolaas J. Van Der Merwe 1994

          Article Recommended Online journal

        6. Metals and mines: studies in archaeometallurgy - Susan La Niece, Duncan R. Hook, P. T. Craddock, British Museum 2007

          Book Recommended

        7. Iron in Africa: the metal from nowhere - J. Woodhouse 1998

          Chapter Recommended Book

  9. LECTURE 8: GOLD, METALLURGY IN AMERICA BEFORE AND AFTER 1492 15 items
    1. Essential Reading 3 items
      1. Metals, microanalysis and meaning: a study of metal objects excavated from the indigenous cemetery of El Chorro de Maíta, Cuba - Marcos Martinón-Torres, Roberto Valcárcel Rojas, Jago Cooper, Thilo Rehren 2007

        Article Essential Online journal

      2. King Croesus' gold: excavations at Sardis and the history of gold refining - Ramage, Andrew, Cowell, M. R., Craddock, P. T. 2000

        Book Essential Book

    2. Recommended Readings 12 items
      1. The Gilding of metals in pre-Columbian Peru. - H. Lechtman 1973

        Chapter Recommended Book

      2. Pre-Columbian Surface Metallurgy. - Lechtman, Heather 06/1984

        Article Recommended Online journal

      3. Early copper smelting at Itziparátzico, Mexico - Blanca. Maldonado, Thilo. Rehren 2009

        Article Recommended Online journal

      4. Diversifying the picture: indigenous responses to European arrival in Cuba. - M. Martinon-Torres, J. Cooper, R. Valcarcel Rojas, Th. Rehren 2008

        Article Recommended Online journal

      5. Metallic encounters in Cuba: The technology, exchange and meaning of metals before and after Columbus - Marcos Martinón-Torres, Roberto Valcárcel Rojas, Juanita Sáenz Samper, María Filomena Guerra 2012

        Article Recommended Online journal

      6. Precolumbian gold: technology, style and iconography - McEwan, Colin, British Museum 2000

        Book Recommended Book

      7. Calima and Malagana: art and archaeology in southwestern Colombia - Cardale de Schrimpff, Marianne, Bray, Warwick 2005

        Book Recommended Book

      8. The strange case of the earliest silver extraction by European colonists in the New World - A. M. Thibodeau, D. J. Killick, J. Ruiz, J. T. Chesley 2007

        Article Recommended Online journal

      9. Composition, colour and context in Muisca votive metalwork (Colombia, AD 600-1800) - M. Martinon-Torres, Maria Alicia Uribe Villegas 2012

        Article Recommended Online journal

  10. LECTURE 9: ZINC AND BRASS, RENAISSANCE, METALLURGY AND ALCHEMY 26 items
    1. Reading on zinc and brass. 16 items
      1. Essential Reading 3 items
        1. 2000 years of zinc and brass - Craddock, P. T., British Museum 1998

          Book  Book

      2. Recommended Readings 13 items
        1. Traditional Zinc Production in Modern China: Survival and Evolution. - P Craddock, W Zhou 2003

          Article Recommended Book

        2. Production of brass in Antiquity by direct reduction - P Craddock, K Eckstein 2003

          Chapter Recommended Book

        3. Roman Copper Alloys: Analysis of Artefacts from Northern Britain - David Dungworth 1997

          Article Recommended Online journal

        4. Iron Age and Roman Copper Alloys from Northern Britain - David. Dungworth 1997

          Article Recommended Online journal

        5. Small Size, Large Scale Roman Brass Production in Germania Inferior - Thilo Rehren 1999

          Article Recommended Online journal

        6. Naturam ars imitata: European brassmaking between craft and science - Th. Rehren, M. Martinón-Torres 2008

          Article Recommended Book

        7. Early brass in the ancient Near East - C.P. Thornton, C.B. Ehlers 2003

          Article Recommended Online journal

        8. The zinc content of brass: a chronological indicator - Welter, Welter, J 2003

          Article Recommended

        9. Brass making in medieval western Europe. - S. Zacharias 1989

          Article Recommended Book

        10. Distilling zinc for the Ming Dynasty: the technology of large scale zinc production in Fengdu, southwest China - Wenli Zhou, Marcos Martinón-Torres, Jianli Chen, Haiwang Liu 2012

          Article Recommended Online journal

        11. Metals and mines: studies in archaeometallurgy - Craddock, P. T., Hook, Duncan R., La Niece, Susan, British Museum 2007

          Book Recommended See also several chapters on zinc and brass

    2. Reading on Renaissance metallurgy and alchemy 10 items
      1. Essential Reading 2 items
        1. Alchemy, chemistry and metallurgy in Renaissance Europe. A wider context for fire assay remains. - M. Martinon-Torres, Th. Rehren 2005

          Article Essential Journal article

      2. Recommended Readings 8 items
        1. Innovation in later medieval urban metalworking. - J. Bayley 1996

          Article Recommended Digitized material

        2. Martin Frobisher's largest 'gold mine' in Baffin Island. - D. Hogarth 1999

          Article Recommended Journal article

        3. The tools of the chymist: archeological and scientific analyses of early modern laboratories. - M. Martinon-Torres 2007

          Chapter Recommended Book

        4. Some recent developments in the historiography of alchemy. - M. Martinón-Torres 2011

          Article Recommended Online journal

        5. Testing ores for gold and silver in Renaissance Austria: new techniques, new discoveries. - A. Mongiatti, M. Martinon-Torres, Th. Rehren 2009

          Chapter Recommended Book

  11. ASSESSMENT 72 items
    1. Discuss the differences (in properties, manufacture, and/or other relevant parameters) between pure copper and arsenical bronze (or pure copper and tin bronze, or tin bronze and brass). 4 items
      1. Early Arsenical Bronzes - A Metallurgical View - J. A. Charles 1967

        Article Essential Online journal

      2. Properties and use of arsenic-copper alloys - P. Northover 1989

        Article Essential Book

      3. Arsenical copper in early Irish metallurgy - Suzanne M. M. Young, W. O'Brien

        Chapter Essential Book

    2. Disscus the evolution of, and/or differences between, Roman ad medieval copper-alloy production. 5 items
      1. Medieval metalwork: an analytical study of copper-alloy objects. - R Brownsword 2004

        Article Essential Journal article

    3. What do we know, and what is yet to be known, about the earliest metallurgy in the British Isles? Does this constitute a focus of independent invention? 4 items
      1. Copper smelting in Bronze Age Britain: Problems and Possibilities. - P.T. Craddock 1990

        Chapter Essential Book

      2. Ross Island: mining, metal and society in early Ireland - O'Brien, William, Brindley, Anna L. c2004

        Book Essential Book

    4. What do we know, and what is yet to be known, about the earliest metallurgy in Thailand ? Does this constitute a focus of independent invention? 4 items
      1. Khao Sam Kaeo – an archaeometallurgical crossroads for trans-asiatic technological traditions - Mercedes Murillo-Barroso, Thomas Oliver Pryce, Bérénice Bellina, Marcos Martinón-Torres 2010

        Article Essential Online journal

      2. Prehistoric copper production and technological reproduction in the Khao Wong Prachan Valley of Central Thailand - Thomas Oliver Pryce, Vincent C. Pigott, Marcos Martinón-Torres, Thilo Rehren 2010

        Article Essential Online journal

      3. The Transmission of Early Bronze Technology to Thailand: New Perspectives - Joyce C. White and Elizabeth G. Hamilton 2009

        Article Essential Online journal

    5. What are the potentials and limitations of experimental archaeometallurgy? Identify a research area that could benefit from experiments, and outline a relevant research project. 4 items
      1. Bronze casting experiments. - T Bareham 1994

        Article Essential Journal article

      2. Casting experiments and microstructure of archaeologically relevant bronzes - Ottaway, Barbara S., Wang, Quanyu 2004

        Book Essential Book

    6. How did metallurgy start(and/or develop) in the Americas? Can we track teh European influence in the archaeological remains? 6 items
      1. From the Cover: Four-thousand-year-old gold artifacts from the Lake Titicaca basin, southern Peru - M. Aldenderfer, N. M. Craig, R. J. Speakman, R. Popelka-Filcoff 01/04/2008

        Article Essential Online journal

      2. Archaeological copper smelting at Itziparatzico, Michoacan, Mexico, in Vandiver. - B Maldonado, Th Rehren, P Howell

        Chapter Essential

      3. Direct evidence of 1,900 years of indigenous silver production in the Lake Titicaca Basin of Southern Peru - C. A. Schultze, C. Stanish, D. A. Scott, T. Rehren 13/10/2009

        Article Essential Online journal

      4. Sican alloying, working and us of precious metals: an interdisciplinary perspective - I Shimada, A Gordus, J.A. Griffin, J.F Merkel

        Chapter Essential

    7. Is it possible to differenciate alluvial from smelted gold? What is the best way of provenancing gold artefacts? Discuss with reference to published cas studies from at least two differenct continents 4 items
      1. The treasure of Guarrazar: Tracing the gold supplies in the Visigothic Iberian peninsula - M. F. Guerra, T. Calligaro, A. Perea 02/2007

        Article Essential Online journal

    8. What is the role of metallurgical ceramics? What can we learn from their study? 5 items
      1. Refractories in the ancient and preindustrial world - I.C Freestone, M.S. Tite

        Chapter Essential Electronic resource

      2. Microscopic study of Chinese bronze casting moulds from the Eastern Zhou period - Siran Liu, Kai Wang, Quanfa Cai, Jianli Chen 2013-5

        Article Essential

      3. Mullite and the mystery of Hessian wares - Marcos Martinón-Torres, Thilo Rehren, Ian C. Freestone 23/11/2006

        Article Essential Online journal

      4. Crucibles as reaction vessels in ancient metallurgy - Th Rehren

        Chapter Essential Electronic resource

    9. Is there a Copper or Bronze Age in Sub-Saharan Africa? 3 items
      1. Early copper and Brass in Senegal - Garenne-Marot et al

        Chapter Essential

      2. Early Metal Working in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review of Recent Research - Duncan E. Miller, Nikolaas J. Van Der Merwe 1994-3

        Article Essential Online journal

    10. Why do we know so little about the origin of the Bronze Age tin? What is the current evidence and argument? 3 items
      1. Tracing tin via isotope analyses - F Begemann

        Chapter Essential

      2. Le problème de l'étain à l'origine de la métallurgie: The problem of early tin - Giumlia-Mair, Alessandra R., Lo Schiavo, Fulvia, International Congress of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences 2003

        Book Essential

    11. The metallurgy of Bronze Age in China has special characteristics, both in its metallurgical and social dimensions. Discuss, by comparing to the Bronze Age in Europe or the Near East. 4 items
      1. The great bronze age of China: an exhibition from the People's Republic of China - Bagley, Robert W., Fong, Wen, So, Jenny F., Hearn, Maxwell K. 1980

        Book Essential

      2. New research on lost-wax casting in ancient China - W Zhou, Y Dong, Q Wan, C Wang

        Chapter Essential

    12. Disscus the technical parameters of the manufacture of crucible steel, and their influence in the quality of the resulting metal 5 items
      1. Persian steel: the Tanavoli collection - Allan, James W., Gilmour, Brian J. J., University of Oxford, British Institute of Persian Studies 2000

        Book Essential

    13. Is it possible to provenance iron objects to their source of origin? 5 items
      1. Slag inclusions in iron objects and the quest for provenance: an experiment and a case study - Eleanor Blakelock, Marcos Martinón-Torres, Harald A. Veldhuijzen, Tim Young 2009-8

        Article Essential Online journal

      2. The provenance of iron artefacts from Manching: A multi-technique approach - R. Schwab, D. Heger, B. Hoppner, E. Pernicka 08/2006

        Article Essential Online journal

    14. Cementation? Co-melting? How were tin bronzes produced in Prehistory? 4 items
      1. Bronze production in prehistory - S. Rovira 2005

        Proceedings Essential Electronic resource

      2. Melting/smelting of bronze at Isthmia - W Rostoker, M McNallan, E.R. Gebhard 1983

        Article Essential Electronic resource

      3. Three Western Zhou bronze foundry sites in the Zhouyuan are, Shaanxi province, China. - W Zhou, J Chen, X Lie, T Xu 2009

        Chapter Essential

    15. Iron in Africa: an independent invention? 4 items
      1. Ancient African metallurgy: the socio-cultural context - Bisson, Michael S., Vogel, Joseph O. 2000

        Book Essential

    16. Readings for Oral Presentation 8 items
      1. Early Arsenical Bronzes - A Metallurgical View - J. A. Charles 1967

        Article Essential Online journal

All rights reserved ©