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  1. Course Description 1 item
    1. This course places gender and sexuality in a transnational framework, tracing the movement and exchange of ideas between different national contexts in the late 19th and 20th centuries. It will examine the role of social, political and intellectual networks, travel and literature in developing transnational concepts of gender and sexuality. The course will invite us to consider the extent to which some of the key shifts in attitudes toward gender and sexual identities and practices in this period were the product of shared transnational movements and to explore the interrelationship of global and local factors in producing distinct regional interpretations of those movements.

       

      These themes will be explored through a succession of case studies, including the role of colonial emigration societies in fostering gendered networks and promoting middle-class British models of family life across the Empire; questions of access and cultural context in assessing the impact of sexology on late 19th century conceptualisations of sexual identity and practice; the work of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance and the development of women's suffrage as an international movement; conscientious objection and the articulation of a gendered pacifism in the early 20th century; Marie Stopes and Margaret Sanger's involvement in transnational eugenics networks and the linking of race and reproduction in the interwar period; the exchange of literature and development of transnational networks between homophile groups in the 1950s and 1960s; the symbolic impact of New York's Stonewall Riots and the birth of gay liberation as an international movement; the transnational distribution of feminist texts in the 1960s and 1970s; and the development of women-only communal housing and rural communities as a local expression of transnational feminist ideology. Seminars will be based on analysis of primary sources related to the case studies. The course will be assessed by means of two essays.

  2. Class/Seminar Topics 1 item
    First Term
      1. Introduction: historiography and concepts
      2. Gender and colonial emigration
      3. Sexology
      4. The international suffrage movement
      5. Eugenics: Marie Stopes, Margaret Sanger
      6. Gender, race and the body in international sport
      7. The homophile movement
      8. Stonewall and Gay Liberation
      9. Feminist texts and the exchange of ideas
      10. Separatist communities and feminist networks

  3. General Bibliography 25 items
    1. Transnationalism: A Category of Analysis - Laura Briggs, Gladys McCormick, J. T. Way 2008

      Article 

    2. Connected worlds: history in transnational perspective - Ann Curthoys, Marilyn Lake, Australian National University. Humanities Research Centre c2005

      Book 

    3. After Homosexual: the legacies of gay liberation - Carolyn D' Cruz, Mark Pendleton, Australian Lesbian & Gay Archives 2014

      Book 

    4. Transnational lives: biographies of global modernity, 1700-present - Desley Deacon, Penny Russell, Angela Woollacott 2010

      Book 

    5. Thinking Sexuality Transnationally: An Introduction - Elizabeth A. Povinelli, George Chauncey 1999

      Article 

  4. Week 1: Introduction: historiography and concepts 54 items
    1. Core Reading 1 item
      1. Introduction - Ann Curthoys, Marilyn Lake 2005

        Chapter 

    2. Further Reading 53 items
      1. Gender 23 items
        1. Questions of Gender - Joanne Bailey 2014

          Article 

        2. Introduction - Karen Offen et al. 1991

          Chapter 

        3. Introduction - Raewyn Connell

          Chapter 

        4. Masculine and feminine domains in history and sociology - Leonore Davidoff 1990

          Chapter 

        5. Manful assertions: masculinities in Britain since 1800 - Michael Roper, John Tosh 1991

          Book 

        6. Masculinity, Emotion and Subjectivity: Introduction - Mark Peel, Barbara Caine, Christina Twomey 2007

          Article 

        7. What is gender history? - Sonya O. Rose 2010

          Book 

        8. Feminism and history - Joan Wallach Scott 1996

          Book 

        9. Feminism's History - Joan Wallach Scott 2004

          Article 

      2. Sexuality 27 items
        1. Introduction - Harry Cocks, Matt Houlbrook 2006

          Chapter 

        2. The history of sexuality: Vol.1: An introduction - Michel Foucault, Robert Hurley 1979

          Book 

        3. Introduction - Gert Hekma 2014

          Chapter 

        4. Queer theory: an introduction - Annamarie Jagose 1996

          Book 

        5. Reassessing Foucault: power, medicine, and the body - Colin Jones, Roy Porter 1994

          Book 

        6. Twentieth-century sexuality: a history - Angus McLaren 1999

          Book 

        7. A critical introduction to queer theory - Nikki Sullivan 2003

          Book 

        8. Chapter 1 - Jeffrey Weeks 1981

          Chapter 

        9. The Uses and Abuses of Michel Foucault - Jeffrey Weeks 1991

          Chapter 

        10. Making sexual history - Jeffrey Weeks 2000

          Book  Chapters 5 & 6.

        11. Out of the Box - Jenna Wortham Jul 17, 2016

          Article 

      3. Transnational history: 3 items
  5. Week 2: Gender and Colonial Emigration 27 items
    1. Core Reading 4 items
    2. Further Reading 23 items
      1. Civilizing women: British crusades in colonial Sudan - Janice Patricia Boddy 2007

        Book 

      2. Edwardian ladies and imperial power - Julia Bush 2000

        Book 

      3. Reproducing White Settlers and Eliminating Natives: Settler Colonialism, Gender, and Family History in the American West - Margaret D. Jacobs 2017

        Article  This item is not currently available at UCL Libraries.

      4. Female Imperialism and National Identity - Katie Pickles 12/12/2002

        Book  Chapters 3 & 4.

      5. "Les Non-Classees": Colonial Emigration, Gender, and Republican Liberalism 1897-1900 - C. Salinas 2004

        Article  This item is not currently available at UCL Libraries. It can be accessed at the British Library.

      6. Waste Not, Want Not’: Even Redundant Women Have Their Uses - Carmen, Faymonville

        Chapter Essential

      7. The Victorian spinster and colonial emigration: contested subjects - Rita S. Kranidis 1999

        Book Essential

  6. Week 3: Sexology 44 items
    The emergence of sexology, or the sexual sciences, in the late 19th century has been understood by historians as a key development in modern understandings of sexuality. This new discipline has been credited with the creation of new categories of sexual identity such as ‘the homosexual’ as well as, more fundamentally, the notion that sexuality is at the heart of how we understand ourselves as individuals. However, while early historical scholarship represented sexology as highly influential, more recent research has emphasized regional and other differences in its impact and this seminar will consider these arguments and explore the national and transnational context of sexology. How did specific national contexts shape the emergence and reception of the sexual sciences? Many of the major works of sexological literature emerged from Germany and Austria, while the influence of sexology in Britain was more varied. We will explore how the broader cultural context and linguistic differences in these countries helped shape the reception of texts differently. At the same time, however, it is important to recognize the role of transnational networks and organisations in promoting and disseminating sexological ideas and we will discuss the significance of these networks.
    1. Core Reading 3 items
      1. Sexology - Chris Waters 2006

        Chapter 

    2. Further Reading 41 items
      1. Sexology in culture: labelling bodies and desires - Lucy Bland, Laura L. Doan 1998

        Book 

      2. Sexology uncensored: the documents of sexual science - Lucy Bland, Laura L. Doan 1998

        Book 

      3. Trial by sexology? Maud Allen, Salome and the Cult of the Clitoris Case - Lucy Bland 1998

        Chapter 

      4. Sexuality - Joseph Bristow 1997

        Book 

      5. Science in the bedroom: a history of sex research - Vern L. Bullough 1994

        Book 

      6. Psychology of sex - Havelock Ellis 1933

        Book 

      7. Mundane heterosexualities: from theory to practices - Jennifer Lorna Hockey, Angela Meah, Victoria Robinson 2010

        Book 

      8. Twentieth-century sexuality: a history - Angus McLaren 1999

        Book  Chapters 5 & 6.

      9. The facts of life: the creation of sexual knowledge in Britain, 1650-1950 - Roy Porter, Lesley Ann Hall 1995

        Book  Chapter 7

      10. Science and Homosexualities - Vernon A. Rosario 1997

        Book 

      11. Transformations: Subjects, Categories and Cures in Krafft-Ebing’s Sexology - Merl Storr 1998

        Chapter 

  7. Week 4: The International Suffrage Movement 28 items
    1. Core Reading 3 items
    2. Further Reading 25 items
      1. Suffrage and beyond: international feminist perspectives - Caroline Daley, Melanie Nolan, American Council of Learned Societies 1994

        Book 

      2. Cross currents in the international women's movement, 1848-1948 - Patricia Ward D'Itri 1999

        Book 

      3. The women's movement in wartime: international perspectives, 1914-19 - Alison S. Fell, Ingrid Sharp 2007

        Book 

      4. Women's suffrage in the British Empire: citizenship, nation, and race - Ian Christopher Fletcher, Laura E. Nym Mayhall, Philippa Levine 2000

        Book 

      5. The International Sisterhood - Edith F. Hurwitz 1977

        Chapter 

  8. Week 5: Eugenics: Marie Stopes, Margaret Sanger 35 items
    1. Core Reading 4 items
      1. Eugenics in North America - Daniel J. Kevles 1998

        Chapter 

    2. Further Reading 29 items
      1. Internationalism, Cosmopolitanism, and Eugenics - Alison Bashford 2010

        Chapter 

      2. The Hidden Romance of Sexual Science: Eugenics, the Nation and the Making of Modern Feminism - Caroline Burdett 1998

        Chapter 

      3. Women, Feminism, and Eugenics - Lesley Hall 1998

        Chapter 

      4. Suffrage, Sex and Science - Lesley A. Hall 1998

        Chapter 

      5. Dear Dr Stopes: sex in the 1920s 1981

        Book 

      6. Marie Stopes: a biography - Ruth Hall 1977

        Book 

      7. Sexuality - Fiona A. Montgomery 2006

        Chapter 

      8. Love and eugenics in the late nineteenth century: rational reproduction and the new woman - Angelique Richardson 2003

        Book 

      9. Marie Stopes and the sexual revolution - June Rose 1992

        Book 

      10. Feminism, Fertility and Eugenics in Victorian and Edwardian England - Richard Soloway 1982

        Chapter 

    3. Primary Sources 2 items
      1. The Mothers' Clinic for Birth Control : founded by Humphrey Verdon Roe, Esq., and his wife Marie Carmichael Stopes, D.Sc., PhD., opened Thursday, 17th March, 1921. 1921

        Book  This item is not currently available at UCL Libraries. Please click the online resource link to see available copies at other libraries on COPAC.

  9. Week 6: Gender, Race and the Body in International Sport 26 items
    1. Core Reading 3 items
    2. Further Reading 23 items
      1. Women's sports: a history - Allen Guttmann 1991

        Book 

      2. Intersex and the Olympic Games - Robert Ritchie, John Reynard, Tom Lewis 2008

        Article 

      3. Women at the Olympic Games. - Uriel. Simri 1979

        Book  This item is not currently available at UCL Libraries.

      4. Women in the Olympics: An Unresolved Problem - Betty Spears 1976

        Chapter  This item is not currently available at UCL Libraries. Please click the online resource link to see available copies at other libraries on COPAC.

      5. Olympic Men and Women: The Politics of Gender in the Modern Games - K. Wamsley, G. Pfister 2005

        Chapter 

  10. Week 7: The Homophile Movement 23 items
    1. Core Reading 3 items
    2. Further Reading 20 items
      1. The rise of a gay and lesbian movement - Barry D. Adam 1995

        Book 

      2. We are everywhere: a historical sourcebook in gay and lesbian politics - Mark Blasius, Shane Phelan 1997

        Book 

      3. Quest for justice: towards homosexual emancipation - Antony Grey 1992

        Book 

      4. The ideal gay man: the story of Der Kreis - Hubert C. Kennedy 1999

        Book 

  11. Week 8: Stonewall and Gay Liberation 28 items
    1. Core Reading 1 item
    2. Further Reading 27 items
      1. A history of the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras - Graham Carbery 1995

        Book 

      2. The gay and lesbian liberation movement - Margaret Cruikshank 1992

        Book 

      3. The Queer Road to Frisind: Copenhagen 1945–2012 - Peter Edelberg 2014

        Chapter 

      4. Gay activism in - Craig Griffiths 2015

        Article 

      5. Queer Amsterdam 1945-2010 - Gert Hekma 2014

        Chapter 

      6. Out of the closets: voices of gay liberation 1992

        Book 

      7. The pink and the black: homosexuals in France since 1968 - Frédéric Martel 1999

        Book 

      8. The Gay Liberation Movement in France - Michael Sibalis 2014

        Chapter 

      9. Homosexuality and liberation: elements of a gay critique - Mario Mieli, David Fernbach 1980

        Book 

  12. Week 9: Feminist texts and the exchange of ideas 29 items
    1. Core Reading 3 items
    2. Further Reading 26 items
      1. United States 5 items
        1. American feminism: a contemporary history - Ginette Castro, Elizabeth Loverde-Bagwell 1990

          Book 

        2. Daring to be bad: radical feminism in America, 1967-1975 - Alice Echols 1989

          Book 

      2. Australia 9 items
        1. The great feminist denial - Monica Dux, Zora Simic 2008

          Book  Especially, 27-43.

        2. Getting equal: the history of Australian feminism - Marilyn Lake 1999

          Book 

      3. Britain 11 items
        1. English feminism, 1780-1980 - Barbara Caine 1997

          Book 

        2. Sweet freedom: the struggle for women's liberation - Anna Coote, Beatrix Campbell 1987

          Book 

        3. Women and the women's movement in Britain, 1914-1999 - Martin Pugh, Martin Pugh 2000

          Book 

        4. Once a feminist: stories of a generation - Michelene Wandor 1990

          Book 

      4. Europe 1 item
  13. Week 10: Separatist communities and feminist networks 18 items
    1. Core Reading 3 items
      1. Making Space: Lesbian Separatist Communities in the United States - Gill Valentine 1997

        Chapter 

    2. Further Reading 15 items
      1. Single-Sex, Secular Intentional Communities in Australia - Bill Metcalf 2012

        Article  Please note this article is not currently available at UCL Library.

      2. Common women, uncommon practices: the queer feminism of Greenham - Sasha Roseneil 2000

        Book 

      3. Separatism and women's community - Dana R. Shugar 1995

        Book 

      4. The wanderground: stories of the hill women - Sally Miller Gearhart, Elizabeth Ross May 1984

        Book 

      5. Lesbian Land 1985

        Book  Please note this book is not currently available at UCL Library.

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