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This list relates to the academic year Academic Year 2014/15 which ended on 01/07/2015
This list has been archived
  1. Basic Texts 6 items
    The field of geoarchaeology has a number of important texts, each emphasising different aspects of the subdiscipline.
    1. Practical and Theoretical Geoarchaeology - Paul Goldberg, Richard I. Macphail 21/12/2005

      Book 

    2. Soils in archaeological research - Vance T. Holliday 2004

      Book 

    3. Principles of geoarchaeology: a North American perspective - Michael R. Waters c1992

      Book 

  2. Session 1. Introduction: Geoarchaeology's history and goals 6 items
    Some consider Geoarchaeology as one more archaeological specialism, others as a specific approach tot he entire archaeological record. In order to familiarise students with these positions the introductory lecture examines the historical relationship between the earth sciences and archaeology. This relaion is the foundation upon which Geoarchaeology has developed and, in some ways, it is the platform that enables contributions from different earth sciences ( geology, geomorphology, physical geography, pedology, etc) to make contributions to the field of archaeology.
    1. Required readings: 2 items
      1. Practical and Theoretical Geoarchaeology - Paul Goldberg, Richard I. Macphail 21/12/2005

        Book  E book - pp 1-6

    2. Suggested reading: 2 items
      1. Archaeological landscapes of the Near East - T. J. Wilkinson c2003

        Book  Chapter 1

    3. Additional reference works: 2 items
      1. The establishment of human antiquity - Donald K. Grayson 1983

        Book 

  3. Session 2. Basic geoarchaeological concepts and methods 11 items
    In this session we will lay out the basic principles and key concepts upon which archaeological practice is based. We will examine the contrast between soils and sediments, review the main types of sedimentary processes and soil forming dynamics, and outline how an understanding of them enable us to decode sequential records of landscape evolution (stratigraphy)
    1. Required readings: 7 items
      1. Practical and Theoretical Geoarchaeology - Paul Goldberg, Richard I. Macphail 21/12/2005

        Book  Chs.1-3

      2. Principles of geoarchaeology: a North American perspective - Michael R. Waters c1992

        Book  PP 2-114

    2. Suggested readings: 4 items
      1. Environmental archaeology: principles and methods - T. P. O'Connor, John G. Evans, John G. Evans c2005

        Book  Chapter 11 pp 257-290

      2. Soil science and archaeology - Susan Limbrey 1975

        Book 

  4. Session 3. The toolkit of Geoarchaeology 6 items
    What is the toolkit employed in archaeological research? In this session we examine the most important techniques currently used by geoarchaeologists.
    1. Required readings: 6 items
      1. Archaeological landscapes of the Near East - T. J. Wilkinson c2003

        Book  Chapter 3

      2. Practical and Theoretical Geoarchaeology - Paul Goldberg, Richard I. Macphail 21/12/2005

        Book  Chapter 15-17

      3. Development of anthrosol research. - Woods W.I.

        Chapter 

      4. Environmental archaeology: principles and methods - T. P. O'Connor, John G. Evans, John G. Evans c2005

        Book  Chapter 10

      5. Soils and micromorphology in archaeology - M. A. Courty, Paul Goldberg, Richard Macphail 1989

        Book  Chapter 3

  5. Session 4. Biomantles and Post-Depositional Processes 17 items
    In this session we examine in further detail the interface between environments and the landscape, i.e. what earth scienctist call bio mantles. As we will review in this session, biomantles are dynamic and in constant evolution. Many of the processes that shape biomantles over time are of direct concern to archaeologists because they shape the burial environments of archaeological evidence and can modify the original integrity of archaeological remains.
    1. Required readings: 11 items
      1. Practical and Theoretical Geoarchaeology - Paul Goldberg, Richard I. Macphail 21/12/2005

        Book 

      2. Soils in archaeological research - Vance T. Holliday 2004

        Book 

      3. Reflections on the Nature of Soil and Its Biomantle - D. L. Johnson, J. E. J. Domier, D. N. Johnson 03/2005

        Article 

      4. Origins and implications of soil layering - Jonathan D. Phillips, Carsten Lorz 2008-8

        Article 

      5. Soils in archaeological research - Vance T. Holliday 2004

        Book 

      6. Principles of geoarchaeology: a North American perspective - Michael R. Waters c1992

        Book  chapter 7

    2. Additional reference works: 6 items
      1. Pedology: pedogenesis and classification - Philippe Duchaufour 1982

        Book 

      2. Paleopedology in archaeology - V.T. Holliday

        Chapter 

      3. Soils: genesis and geomorphology - Randall J. Schaetzl, Sharon Anderson 2005

        Book  Chapter 10

      4. Soil science and archaeology - Susan Limbrey 1975

        Book 

      5. Interpretation of micromorphological features of soils and regoliths - Georges Stoops, Vera Marcelino, F. Mees 2010

        Book 

      6. Soils and geomorphology - Peter Wessel Birkeland 1999

        Book 

  6. Session 5: Slope processes 8 items
    The lecture will introduce the main features and dynamics associated with slopes. Most geoarchaeologists understand slope processes based on land surface unit models. A number of topics need to be introduced to make sense of these: the dissection of landforms by streams, surface flows, mass movement, colluviation, the soil catena. As will be seen, the dynamics descrived by theses topics bear significantly on our understandings of erosion, sedimentation/deposition, and soil formation. Hence, they impact the preservation of archaeological remains and the formation of the archaeological record.
    1. Required readings: 6 items
      1. Practical and Theoretical Geoarchaeology - Paul Goldberg, Richard I. Macphail 21/12/2005

        Book  Chapter 4

      2. Geoarchaeology in action: studies in soil micromorphology and landscape evolution - C. A. I. French 2003

        Book  PP 20-25, 30-34 Chapter 5

      3. Soils and geomorphology - Peter Wessel Birkeland 1999

        Book  Pp 184-185, 238-240

      4. Principles of geoarchaeology: a North American perspective - Michael R. Waters c1992

        Book  Chapter 5 pp. 230-232

    2. Additional reference works: 2 items
      1. Soils: genesis and geomorphology - Randall J. Schaetzl, Sharon Anderson 2005

        Book 

  7. Session 6. Alluvial processes. 12 items
    The lecture will introduce the main features of alluvial and lacustrian contexts and how they impact the preservation of archaeological evidence. Processes of erosion, sedimentation and deposition, and soil formation associated with alluvial environments will be examined in further detail. Human settlements and site formation processes in alluvial environments will be discussed.
    1. Required readings: 6 items
      1. Practical and Theoretical Geoarchaeology - Paul Goldberg, Richard I. Macphail 21/12/2005

        Book  Chapter 5

      2. Soils in archaeological research - Vance T. Holliday 2004

        Book 

      3. Archaeological Sediments in Dryland Alluvial Environments. - G Huckleberry

        Chapter 

      4. Principles of geoarchaeology: a North American perspective - Michael R. Waters c1992

        Book  Chapter 219-225

    2. Case Studies: 4 items
      1. Archaeological Sediments in Lake Margin Environments - C.S. Feibel

        Chapter 

    3. Additional reference works: 2 items
  8. Session 7. Glaciation and Loess record 12 items
    Glaciers reset the landscape and many landforms in post-glacial landscapes originate in glacial dynamics. Glacial and periglacial activity, moreover, are at the source of one of the most highly active aeolian dynamics - the deposition of loess. In this lecture we will introduce the main features associated with glacial and periglacial environments and examine how they impact the preservation of archaeological evidence. Human settlements and site formation processes in glacial and periglacial environments will be discussed.
    1. Required readings: 7 items
      1. Encyclopedia of quaternary science - Scott A. Elias, ScienceDirect (Online service) c2007

        Article  Click on 'view online', the SFX will take you to 3 versions, click the second version. A pop up box will appear, click on to 'GO' besides the link 'Available electronically', a new tab will appear. Scroll down on the left hand side to 'Authors', click on authors and find the letter D for 'Dodonov, A.E.'. Click onto 'Dodonov, A.E.' and 'Loess Records: Central Asia' should appear. Click onto 'Loess Records: Central Asia' and the abstract of the article will appear. You can download the PDF by clicking onto the 'PDF download' on the top left hand corner.

      2. Encyclopedia of quaternary science - Scott A. Elias, ScienceDirect (Online service) c2007

        Article  Click on 'view online', the SFX will take you to 3 versions, click the second version. A pop up box will appear, click on to 'GO' besides the link 'Available electronically', a new tab will appear. Scroll down on the left hand side to 'Authors', click on authors and find the letter P for 'Porter, S.C.'. Click onto 'Porter, S.C.' and 'Loess Records: China' should appear. Click onto 'Loess Records: China' and the abstract of the article will appear. You can download the PDF by clicking onto the 'PDF download' on the top left hand corner. | Edit notes and importance

      3. Encyclopedia of quaternary science - Scott A. Elias, ScienceDirect (Online service) c2007

        Article  Click on 'view online', the SFX will take you to 3 versions, click the second version. A pop up box will appear, click on to 'GO' besides the link 'Available electronically', a new tab will appear. Scroll down on the left hand side to 'Authors', click on authors and find the letter R for 'Rousseau.D.D.'. Click onto 'Rousseau.D.D.' and 'Loess Records: Europe' should appear. Click onto 'Loess Records: Europe' and the abstract of the article will appear. You can download the PDF by clicking onto the 'PDF download' on the top left hand corner. | Edit notes and importance

      4. Encyclopedia of quaternary science - Scott A. Elias, ScienceDirect (Online service) c2007

        Article  Click on 'view online', the SFX will take you to 3 versions, click the second version. A pop up box will appear, click on to 'GO' besides the link 'Available electronically', a new tab will appear. Scroll down on the left hand side to 'Authors', click on authors and find the letter Z for 'Zarate, M. '. Click onto 'Zarate, M.' and 'Loess Records: South America' should appear. Click onto 'Loess Records:South America' and the abstract of the article will appear. You can download the PDF by clicking onto the 'PDF download' on the top left hand corner. | Edit notes and importance

    2. Case Studies 2 items
    3. Additional reference works: 3 items
      1. Soils: genesis and geomorphology - Randall J. Schaetzl, Sharon Anderson 2005

        Book  pp 263-277

  9. Session 8. Coastal environments 7 items
    The lecture will introduce the main features of coastal contexts and examine how they impact the preservation of archaeological evidence. Processes of sedimentation, erosion and deposition, with special emphasis on the effects of sea-level change, will be examined in further detail. Human settlements and site formation processes along shores of water bodies will be discussed.
    1. Required readings: 5 items
      1. Practical and Theoretical Geoarchaeology - Paul Goldberg, Richard I. Macphail 21/12/2005

        Book  E Book-ch 7

      2. Archaeological Sediments in Coastal Environments - L.E. Wells

        Chapter 

    2. Suggested readings: 2 items
      1. Environmental Archaeology - Dena F. Dincauze 2000

        Book  Chapt. 10, Landforms of shores and shallow water, pp 227-250

  10. Session 9. Arid and semi-arid environments 6 items
    The lecture will introduce the main features associated with arid and semi-arid environments. Include here are erosion due to restricted vegetation cover, aeolian processes and deflation. We will examine how they impact the preservation archaeological evidence.
    1. Practical and theoretical geoarchaeology - Paul Goldberg, Richard Macphail 2006

      Book  Ch 6 - E Book

    2. Soils in archaeological research - Vance T. Holliday 2004

      Book  Ch 7 (relevant section on Aeolian processes)

    3. Geoarchaeology: the earth-science approach to archaeological interpretation - George Robert Rapp, Christopher L. Hill c1998

      Book  Chapter 3 pp54-57

    4. Principles of geoarchaeology: a North American perspective - Michael R. Waters c1992

      Book  Ch 4 pp 185-210

  11. Case Studies: 3 items
    1. The surface archaeological record in arid Australia: Geomorphic controls on preservation, exposure, and visibility - Patricia C. Fanning, Simon J. Holdaway, Ed J. Rhodes, Tessa G. Bryant 03/2009

      Article 

  12. Additional references works: 1 item
  13. Session 10. The humid tropics 5 items
    The lecture will introduce the main features associated with humid tropical environments. Included here are some specific geomorphological features common to the humid tropical belt, the nature of precipitation and weathering, and the characteristics of soil formation.
    1. Required readings: 5 items
      1. Human occupation in the Orinoco - W Barse

        Chapter 

  14. Session 11. Occupations I: Caves and rock-shelters 7 items
    The lecture will introduce the main features associated with the study of archaeological cave and rock shelters. Processes of sedimentation, erosion and deposition, as well as chemical processes affecting cave site sediments, will be examined in further detail. Human settlements, site formation processes, and palaeoenvironmental implications of cave geoarchaeology will be discussed.
    1. Required readings: 7 items
      1. Practical and theoretical geoarchaeology - Paul Goldberg, Richard Macphail 2006

        Book  Chapter 8

      2. CAVES AND ROCKSHELTERS - Paul Goldberg, Rolfe D. Mandel

        Chapter  E book

      3. Archaeology as human ecology - Karl W. Butzer 1982

        Book  A Pleistocene prototype: cave sediments, pp 79-85 An example of cave geo-archaeology: Cueva Morin, pp 85-87

      4. Principles of geoarchaeology: a North American perspective - Michael R. Waters c1992

        Book  Chapter 5-Rockshelters and caves, pp 240-247

      5. Archaeological sediments in Rockshelters and Caves - W.R. Farrand

        Chapter 

  15. Suggested readings: 5 items
    1. Lapa das boleiras rockshelter: stratigraphy and formation processes at a paleoamerican site in Central Brazil - Astolfo G.M. Araujo, James K. Feathers, Manuel Arroyo-Kalin, Michelle M. Tizuka 12/2008

      Article 

    2. Prehistoric shepherds and caves in the Trieste Karst (Northeastern Italy) - Giovanni Boschian, Emanuela Montagnari-Kokelj 04/2000

      Article 

    3. Archaeological Site Formation in Rain Forests: Insights From the Ituri Rock Shelters, Congo - Julio Mercader, Raquel Martı́, Ignacio J. González, Almudena Sánchez 2003-1

      Article 

    4. The Excavations in Kebara Cave, Mt. Carmel [and Comments and Replies] - O. Bar-Yosef, B. Vandermeersch, B. Arensburg, A. Belfer-Cohen, P. Goldberg, H. Laville, L. Meignen, Y. Rak, J. D. Speth, E. Tchernov, A-M. Tillier, S. Weiner, G. A. Clark, Andrew Garrard, Donald O. Henry, Frank Hole, Derek Roe, Karen R. Rosenberg, L. A. Schepartz, John J. Shea, Fred H. Smith, Erik Trinkaus, Norman M. Whalen and Lucy Wilson 1992

      Article 

  16. Session 12. Occupations II: Open-air site 9 items
    It is not just artefacts, structures and pits that make up the archaeology: the sediments matrix within which these have formed is worthy of attention. This lecture examines the growing importance of geoarchaeological research of occupation deposits.
    1. Required readings: 9 items
      1. Practical and Theoretical Geoarchaeology - Paul Goldberg, Richard I. Macphail 21/12/2005

        Book  E Book - Chapter 10 and 11

      2. Urban geo-archaeology in medieval alzira (Prov. Valencia, Spain) - Karl W. Butzer, Ismael Miralles, Juan F. Mateu 1983-7

        Article 

      3. An ethnoarchaeological study of chemical residues in the floors and soils of Q'eqchi' Maya houses at Las Pozas, Guatemala - Fabi�n G. Fern�ndez, Richard E. Terry, Takeshi Inomata, Markus Eberl 08/2002

        Article 

      4. Processes of Tell Formation and Erosion - D.A. Davidson

        Chapter 

      5. Geoarchaeology in an urban context: The uses of space in a Phoenician monumental building at Tel Dor (Israel) - Ruth Shahack-Gross, Rosa-Maria Albert, Ayelet Gilboa, Orna Nagar-Hilman 2005-9

        Article 

      6. Cities of clay: the geoarcheology of tells - Arlene Miller Rosen c1986

        Book 

      7. Urban geo-archaeology in medieval alzira (Prov. Valencia, Spain) - Karl W. Butzer, Ismael Miralles, Juan F. Mateu 1983-7

        Article 

      8. Big Sites—Short Time: Accumulation Rates in Archaeological Sites - Julie K. Stein, Jennie N. Deo, Laura S. Phillips 2003-3

        Article 

  17. Session 13. Practical 1: Characterising sediments and soils 2 items
    In the first laboratory session we will review the basics of field and laboratory sediment characterisation. The sessions will take place in the geoarchaeology laboratory. Be ready to use what you have learned so far to interpret the depositional environments of samples.
    1. Required readings: 2 items
      1. Practical and Theoretical Geoarchaeology - Paul Goldberg, Richard I. Macphail 21/12/2005

        Book  Chapter 15

  18. Session 14. Practical 1: (continued) 1 item
    1. Continuation of the laboratory session.

  19. Session 15 OccupationsIII: Human impact on the landscape 11 items
    Causality in landscape change is often associated with either external or autogenic forcing. However, human societies have greatly impacted and transformed vast tracts of the earth's landscape. This lecture will focus on the geoarchaeological study of human impact on the landscape.
    1. Required readings: 9 items
      1. Practical and Theoretical Geoarchaeology - Paul Goldberg, Richard I. Macphail 21/12/2005

        Book  Chapter 9

      2. The Prehistory of Soil Erosion - M Bell, J Boardman

        Chapter 

      3. Impacts of the ancient Maya on soils and soil erosion in the central Maya Lowlands - T. Beach, N. Dunning, S. Luzzadder-Beach, D.E. Cook 2006-2

        Article 

      4. Archaeological landscapes of the Near East - T. J. Wilkinson c2003

        Book  Chapter 4-6

    2. Suggested readings: 2 items
  20. Session 16 Occupations IV: Landscape engineering and anthropogenic soils 4 items
    The surface of the planet has been vastly remodelled as a result of human inhabitation. In this session we examine archaeological approaches to landscape engineering and the study of anthropogenic soils.
    1. Required readings: 4 items
      1. Plaggen Soils: landscape history, properties, and classification - Hans-Peter Blume, Peter Leinweber 06/2004

        Article 

      2. A future for Dark Earth? - Richard I. Macphail, Henri Galinié, Frans Verhaeghe 06/2003

        Article 

  21. Session 17 Practical 2: 'Remote-sensing' sediments and soils 1 item
    Geoarchaeological analyses used to study of soil and sediment samples will be taught in the geoarchaeology laboratory.
    1. Required readings: 1 item
      1. Practical and Theoretical Geoarchaeology - Paul Goldberg, Richard I. Macphail 21/12/2005

        Book 

  22. Session 18 Practical 2: (continued) 1 item
    1. Continuation of the laboratory session.

  23. Session 19. Practical 3: 'Ground-truthing' sediments and soils 3 items
    The basics of micro morphological analyses will be taught in the geoarchaeology laboratory
    1. Required readings: 3 items
      1. Soils and micromorphology in archaeology - M. A. Courty, Paul Goldberg, Richard Macphail 1989

        Book 

      2. Handbook for soil thin section description - Peter Bullock, International Society of Soil Science 1985

        Book 

      3. Practical and Theoretical Geoarchaeology - Paul Goldberg, Richard I. Macphail 21/12/2005

        Book  Chapter 16

  24. Session 20: Practical 3: (continued) 1 item
    1. Continuation of the laboratory session.

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