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This list relates to the academic year Academic Year 2013/14 which ended on 01/07/2014
This list has been archived
  1. Introductory readings 7 items
    The following books are good starters and references
    1. Science and the past - Bowman, Sheridan 1991

      Book Recommended

    2. Ancient glass: an interdisciplinary exploration - Henderson, Julian 2013

      Book 

    3. Modern methods for analysing archaeological and historical glass - Janssens, Koen H. A. 2013

      Book 

    4. Archaeological chemistry - Pollard, A. M., Heron, Carl, Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain) 2008

      Book Recommended

    5. Lapis lazuli from the kiln: glass and glassmaking in the late Bronze Age - Shortland, Andrew J. 2012

      Book Recommended

    6. Five thousand years of glass - Tait, Hugh 2004

      Book Recommended A very well illustrated and well written collection of chronological chapters, including glass working techniques.

    7. Production technology of faience and related early vitreous materials - Tite, M. S., Shortland, Andrew J. 2008

      Book Recommended

  2. Lecture 1 13 items
    1. Essential reading 3 items
      1. Looking into glass - I Freestone

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

    2. Further Reading 10 items
      1. A Note on the Scientist's Definition of Glass - R. H. Brill 1962

        Article Recommended Digitised reading

      2. Physical properties of early Chinese glass - R. H. Brill

        Chapter Recommended

      3. The scanning electron microscope and the archaeologist - Matthew Ponting 2004

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      4. Iron and sulfur related colours in ancient glasses - J. W. H. Schreurs, R. H. Brill 1984

        Article Recommended

      5. Coloured glasses - Weyl, Woldemar A., Society of Glass Technology 1976

        Book Recommended

  3. Lecture 2 39 items
    1. Essential Reading 4 items
      1. Faience Technology - Paul T. Nicholson 2009

        Webpage Essential Digitised resource

      2. Glass Working, Use and Discard - P. Nicholson 2001

        Webpage Essential Digitised resource

      3. Glass Production - A. Shortland 2009

        Webpage Essential Digitised resources

      4. Five thousand years of glass - Tait, Hugh 2004

        Book Essential

    2. Further Reading 35 items
      1. The chemical interpretation of the texts - R. H. Brill 1970

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

      2. Isotopic discriminants between late Bronze Age glasses from Egypt and the Near East - P. Degryse, A. Boyce, N. Erb-Satullo, Et al. 2010

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      3. Gifts of the Nile: ancient Egyptian faience - Friedman, Florence D., Borromeo, Georgina, Leveque, Mimi, Cleveland Museum of Art 1998

        Book Recommended

      4. The source of cobalt in ancient Egyptian pigments - A. Kaczmarczyk 1986

        Chapter Recommended

      5. Ancient Egyptian faience: an analytical survey of Egyptian faience from predynastic to Roman times - Kaczmarczyk, Alexander, Hedges, Robert E. M. c1983

        Book Recommended

      6. Studies in early Egyptian glass - Lilyquist, Christine, Wypyski, M. T., Brill, Robert H. 1993

        Book Recommended

      7. Ancient Mesopotamian materials and industries: the archaeological evidence - Moorey, P. R. S. 1999

        Book Recommended

      8. Egyptian faience and glass - Nicholson, Paul T. 1993

        Book Recommended

      9. Brilliant things for Akhenaten: the production of glass, vitreous materials and pottery at Amarna Site O45.1 - Nicholson, Paul T., Gerisch, Rainer, Brook, Elina, Jackson, Caroline M. 2007

        Book Recommended

      10. Egyptian faience - P. Nicholson, E. Peltenburg 2000

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

      11. The Ulu Burun Glass Ingots, Cylindrical Vessels and Egyptian Glass - Paul T. Nicholson, Caroline M. Jackson and Katharine M. Trott 1997

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      12. The Egyptian green pigment: It's manufacturing process and links to Egyptian blue - S. Pages-Camagna, S. Colinart 2003

        Article Recommended Electronic journal

      13. The evolution of glazing technologies in the ancient Near East and Egypt - S. Paynter, M. S. Tite 2001

        Chapter Recommended Electronic resource

      14. Ramesside glass-colouring crucibles - TH. Rehren 1997

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      15. Egyptian blue - J. Riederer

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

      16. Lapis lazuli from the kiln: glass and glassmaking in the late Bronze Age - Shortland, Andrew J. 2012

        Book 

      17. Ancient exploitation and use of colbalt aulms from the Western Oases of Egypt - A. J. Shortland, M. S. Tite, I. Ewart 2006

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      18. Early glass of the ancient world, 1600 B.C.-A.D. 50: Ernesto Wolf Collection - Stern, E. M., Schlick-Nolte, Birgit 1994

        Book Recommended

      19. Characterisation of early vitreous materials - M.S. Tite 1987

        Article Recommended Electronic journal

      20. Egyptian Faience: an investigation of the methods of production - M.S. Tite, I.C. Freestone, M. Bimson 1983

        Article Recommended

      21. The beginnings of vitreous materials in the Near East and Egypt - M. S. Tite, A. J. Shortland, S. Paynter 2002

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      22. A technological study of ancient faience from Egypt - M.S. Tite, P. Manti, A.J. Shortland 2007

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      23. Appendix A: The manufacture of faience - P. Vandiver 1983

        Chapter Recommended PLUS PLATES AND MORE APPENDICES. THE MOST AMBITIOUS ANALYTICAL PROGRAMME ON FAIENCE SO FAR, BUT BE AWARE OF LECTURE NOTES.

      24. Artists' pigments from Amarna - F. Weatherhead, A. Buckley

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

      25. Egyptian Faience: A Possible Survival in Iran - H.E. Wulff, H.S. Wulff, L. Koch

        Article Recommended

  4. Lecture 3 23 items
    1. Essential Reading 3 items
      1. Natron as a flux in the early vitreous materials industry: sources, beginnings and reasons for decline - Andrew Shortland, Lukas Schachner, Ian Freestone, Michael Tite 2006

        Article Essential Electronic Journal

      2. Roman Glassblowing in a Cultural Context - E. Marianne Stern 1999

        Article Essential Electronic Journal

      3. Hellenistic and non-blown Roman glass and The Roman Empire - V. Tatton-Brown 1991

        Chapter Essential

    2. Further Reading 20 items
      1. 'A whiter shade of pale'? Chemical and experimental investigation of opaque white Roman glass gaming counters - Foster, H.E.

        Article Recommended NOT HELD BY UCL LIBRARY SERVICES. PLEASE SEE HOLDINGS AT THE BRITISH LIBRARY

      2. Laboratory studies of the Portland Vase - I. Freestone 1990

        Article Essential Available as print journal

      3. Innovation and change in ancient technologies - D. F. Grose 1986

        Chapter Recommended

      4. The invention of blowing - J. Henderson 1991

        Chapter Recommended

      5. Refuse of a glass workshop of the second Temple Period from area J - Y. Israeli, N. Katsnelson 2006

        Chapter Recommended

      6. Learning by hand: artefact consistency and craft tradition - Y. Israeli, N. Katsnelson 2009

        Chapter Recommended

      7. Making colourless glass in the Roman period - C.M. Jackson 2005

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      8. The analysis of blue-green glass and glassy waste from two Romano-British glass-working sites - C. M. Jackson, J. R. Hunter, S. E. Warren, H. E. M. Cool 1991

        Chapter Recommended

      9. The mineralogical and metallurgical origins of Roman opaque coloured glasses - J. L. Mass, R. E. Stone, M. T. Wypyski 1998

        Chapter Recommended

      10. Glass-working and Glassworkers in cities and towns - J. Price 2005

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

      11. Romano-British glass vessels: a handbook - Price, J., Cottam, Sally 1998

        Book Recommended

      12. Innovation or continuity? Early first millennium bce glass in the Near East: the cobalt blue glasses from Assyrian Nimrud - W. Reade, I. C. Freestone, S. Bourke 2009

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

      13. Innovation and continuity in Bronze Age and Iron Age glass from Pella in Jordan - W. Reade, I. C. Freestone, S. Bourke 2009

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

      14. Compositional Categories of Ancient Glass - E. V. Sayre and R. W. Smith 1961

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      15. Some materials of glass manufacturing in antiquity - E. V. Sarye, R. W. Smith 1967

        Chapter Recommended

      16. The intentional use of antimony and manganese in ancient glasses - E. V. Sayre 1963

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

      17. Glass Vessels from the burial of Nesikhons - B. Schlick-Nolte, R. Werthmann 2003

        Article Recommended Available as print journal

      18. Early glass of the ancient world, 1600 B.C.-A.D. 50: Ernesto Wolf Collection - Stern, E. M., Schlick-Nolte, Birgit 1994

        Book Recommended

  5. Lecture 4 23 items
    1. Essential Reading 3 items
      1. The origins of Byzantine glass from Maroni Petrera, Cyprus - I. C. Freestone, M. Ponting, M. J. Hughes 2002

        Article Essential Electronic Journal

      2. Further studies in the compositional variability of colourless Romano-British vessel glass - M.J. Baxter, H.E.M. Cool, C.M. Jackson 2005

        Article Essential Electronic Journal

    2. Further Reading 20 items
      1. Western Mediterranean sand deposits as a raw material for Roman glass production - Dieter Brems, Patrick Degryse, Femke Hasendoncks, Domingo Gimeno 2012

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      2. Scientific investigations of the Jalame glass - R. H. Brill 1988

        Chapter Recommended

      3. Glass production in Late Antiquity and the Early Islamic period: a geochemical perspective - I. Freestone 2006

        Chapter Recommended Digital reading

      4. Strontium Isotopes in the Investigation of Early Glass Production: Byzantine and Early Islamic Glass from the Near East - I.C. Freestone, K.A. Leslie, M. Thirlwall, Y. Gorin-Rosen 2003

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      5. The batch: its recognition and significance - I. Freestone, J. Price, C. Cartwright 2009

        Chapter Recommended Digital resource

      6. The production of HIMT glass: elemental and isotopic evidence - I. C. Freestone, S. Wolf, M. Thirlwall 2005

        Chapter Recommended Electronic resource

      7. Isotopic composition of glass from the Levant and South-eastern Mediterranean region - I. C. Freestone, S. Wolf, M. Thirlwall 2009

        Chapter Recommended

      8. Glass, glass beads and glassmakers in Northern India - Kock, Jan, Sode, Torben [1995?]

        Book Recommended

      9. Ateliers primaires du Wadi Natrun: novelles decouvertes - M-D. Nenna, M. Picon, V. Thirion-Merle, M. Vichi 2005

        Chapter Recommended Digital resource

      10. "All in a day's work?". The colourless cylindrical glass cups found at Stonea revisited - J. Price, I. C. Freestone, C. Cartwright 2005

        Chapter Recommended Electronic reading

  6. Lecture 5 21 items
    1. Essential Reading 2 items
      1. The Islamic lands and China - R. Pinder-Wilson

        Chapter Essential Digitised reading

    2. Further Reading 19 items
      1. Natron as a flux in the early vitreous materials industry: sources, beginnings and reasons for decline - Andrew Shortland, Lukas Schachner, Ian Freestone, Michael Tite 2006

        Article Recommended Electronic journal

      2. Compositional categories of Byzantine glass tesserae - I. C. Freestone, M. Bimson, D. Buckton 1990

        Chapter Recommended Electronic resource

      3. The Lycurgus Cup — A Roman nanotechnology - Ian Freestone, Nigel Meeks, Margaret Sax, Catherine Higgitt 2007

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      4. Islamic glass weights and stamps: analysis using nuclear techniques - B. Gratuze, J.-N. Barrandon 1990

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      5. Enameled glass vessels, 1425 BCE - 1800: The decorating process - W. Gudenrath 2006

        Article Recommended Available as print journal

      6. Investigations into marvered glass 2 - J. Henderson

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

      7. An investigation of early glass production at Raqqa, Syria - J. Henderson 1995

        Chapter Recommended

      8. Sasanian glass from Veh Ardašīr: new evidences by ICP-MS analysis - Piero Mirti, Marco Pace, Mery Malandrino, Mariamaddalena Negro Ponzi 2009

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      9. Analytical studies of ancient Egyptian glass - E. V. Sayre, R. W. Smith 1974

        Chapter Recommended Digital resource

      10. Glass along the silk road from 200 BC to AD 1000: international conference within the scope of the "Sino-German Project on Cultural Heritage Preservation" of the RGZM and the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology, December 11th-12th 2008 - Hilgner, Alexandra, Zorn, Bettina, Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz, Shanxi Sheng kao gu yan jiu suo (Xi'an Shi, China) c2010

        Book Recommended Good collection of papers, many very pertinent.

  7. Lecture 6 8 items
    1. Essential Reading 2 items
      1. Pottery in the making: world ceramic traditions - Freestone, Ian, Gaimster, David R. M. 1997

        Book Essential Chapters 10, 16, 17, 18, 28, 30

      2. Lead glazes in antiquity - methods of production and reasons for use - M.S. Tite, I. Freestone, R. Mason, Et al. 1998

        Article Essential Electronic Journal

    2. Further Reading 6 items
      1. Early Islamic pottery: materials and techniques - Bernsted, Anne-Marie Keblow 2003

        Book Recommended

      2. The beginnings of Islamic stonepaste technology - R.B. Mason, M.S. Tite 1994

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      3. The beginnings of tin-opacification of pottery glazes - R.B. Mason, M.S. Tite 1997

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

  8. Lecture 7 24 items
    1. Essential Reading 3 items
      1. Ancient Glazes - P. B. Vandiver 1990

        Article Essential Electronic journal

    2. Further Reading 21 items
      1. The early glass of China - Jiayao An 1991

        Chapter Recommended

      2. Chemical analyses of some early Chinese glasses - R. H. Brill, S. S. C. Tong, D. Dohrenwend 1991

        Chapter Recommended Digital resource

      3. A glass garment from a Western Han tomb in Jiangsu province - Zhukai Cheng, Changyuan Zhou 1991

        Chapter Recommended

      4. European contributions to the Chinese Glass of the Early Qing Period - E. B. Curtis 1993

        Article Recommended Available as print journal

      5. Mineral soda alumina glass: occurence and meaning - Laure Dussubieux, Bernard Gratuze, Maryse Blet-Lemarquand 2010

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      6. An Early Man-Made Blue Pigment from China: Barium Copper Silicate - Elisabeth West FitzHugh and Lynda A. Zycherman 1983

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      7. A Purple Barium Copper Silicate Pigment from Early China - Elisabeth West FitzHugh and Lynda A. Zycherman 1992

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      8. Early glass in South and South east Asia and China - I. Glover, J. Henderson 1995

        Chapter Recommended

      9. Scientific study on the glass beads found in the Yayoi period of Japan - T. Kowzuka, K. Yamasaki 2003

        Chapter Recommended

      10. Chemical analyses of some ancient glasses from Korea - I. S. Lee 1993

        Chapter Recommended

      11. The Islamic lands and China - R. Pinder-Wilson 1991

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

      12. A glass bead sequence for Southern Africa from the 8th to the 16th Century AD - M. Wood 2011

        Article Recommended Available as print journal

      13. New discoveries in Chinese ceramics. - N. Wood 1997

        Webpage Recommended Digital resource

      14. Chinese glazes: their origins, chemistry, and re-creation - Wood, Nigel 1999

        Book Recommended

  9. Lecture 8 29 items
    1. Essential Reading 3 items
      1. Theophilus and the composition of Medieval glass - I. Freestone 1992

        Chapter Essential Digitised reading

      2. Origins of the Jarrow glass - I. Freestone, M. J. Hughes 2006

        Chapter Essential Digital resource

    2. Further Reading 26 items
      1. Aspects of early medieval glass production in Britain - J. Henderson 1993

        Chapter Recommended

      2. Technological characteristics of Roman enamels - J. Henderson

        Article Recommended Digitised reading

      3. Glass-mirrors in medieval times - I. Kreuger 1993

        Chapter Recommended

      4. Glass Fragments from the Crypta Balbi in Rome: the Composition of Eighth-Century Fragments - P. Mirti, P. Davit, M. Gulmini, L. Sagui 2001

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      5. About Limoges painted enamels - chronological evolution of the glass chemical composition - S. Rohrs, I. Biron, H. Stege 2009

        Chapter Recommended

      6. Ion beam analysis of Mosan enamels - Isabelle Biron, S bastien Beauchoux 2003

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      7. Techniques and materials in Limoges enamels - I. Biron, P. Dandridge, M. T. Wypski 1996

        Chapter Recommended

      8. The opaque red glass of Celtic enamels from continental Europe - N. Brun, M. Pernot 1992

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      9. Scientific investigation of copies, fakes and forgeries - Craddock, P. T. 2009

        Book Recommended

      10. Preliminary technical study on Medieval Limoges enamels - P. Dandrige, M. T. Wypuski 1992

        Chapter Recommended

      11. Technological Characteristics of Roman Enamels - J. Henderson 1991

        Article Recommended Digitised reading

      12. Crowning glory: the identification of gems on the head reliquary of St Eustace from the Basle Cathedral Treasury - L. Joyner, I. Freestone, J. Robinson 2006

        Article Recommended NOT HELD BY UCL LIBRARY SERVICES

      13. Etude de la deterioration d'une plaque d'email peint de Limoges - Monique Perez y Jorba, Monique Rommeluere and Léo Mazerolles 1993

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      14. An Investigation into the Deterioration of Painted Limoges Enamel Plaques c. 1470-1530 - Rika Smith, Janice H. Carlson and Richard M. Newman 1987

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      15. Composition and Origin of Early Mediaeval Opaque Red Enamel from Britain and Ireland - C.P. Stapleton, I.C. Freestone, S.G.E. Bowman 1999

        Article Recommended Electronic Journal

      16. Painted enamel ‘patches’: a nineteenth century virtuoso restorer’s technique - H. Tait, I. Freestone 2004

        Chapter Recommended Digitised source

  10. Lecture 9 22 items
    1. A study of French medieval glass composition - J. Berrera, B. Velde 1989

      Article Recommended Digitised Reading

    2. The operation of wood-fired glass-melting furnaces - M. Cable 1998

      Chapter Recommended

    3. A study of the weathering behaviour of medieval glass from York Minster. - G. A. Cox, O. S. Heavens, R. G. Newton, A. M. Pollard 1979

      Article Recommended Electronic Journal

    4. Early Venetian enamelling on glass: technology and origins - I. C. Freestone, M. Bimson 1995

      Chapter Recommended

    5. Medieval and post-medieval glass technology: seasonal changes in the composition of bracken ashes from different habitats through a growing season - Jackson, C.M. 2008

      Article Recommended NOT HELD BY UCL LIBRARY SERVICES. PLEASE SEE COPIES AT THE BRITISH LIBRARY

    6. Stained glass in England during the Middle Ages - Richard Marks 1993

      Book Recommended

    7. Potassium-Calcium Glass: New Data and Experiments - W. B. Stern, Y. Gerber 2004

      Article Recommended Electronic Journal - Read only with comment by Verita M. (see below).

    8. Medieval and post-medieval glass technology: a review of bracken in glassmaking - Smedley J.W. 2002

      Article Recommended NOT HELD BY UCL LIBRARY SERVICES. PLEASE SEE COPIES AT BRITISH MUSEUM

    9. Medieval and post-medieval glass technology: batch measuring practices - Smedley J.W. 2002

      Article Recommended NOT HELD BY UCL LIBRARY SERVICES. PLEASE SEE COPIES AT BRITISH MUSEUM

    10. Medieval lead glass in Central Europe - O. Mecking 2013

      Article Recommended Electronic Journal

    11. Medieval lead glass from North-Western Europe - K. H. Wedepohl, I. Krueger, G. Hartmann 1995

      Article Recommended Available as print Journal

    12. The chemical composition of medieval wood ash glass from Central Europe - Karl Hans Wedepohl, Klaus Simon 2010

      Article Recommended Electronic Journal

  11. Lecture 10 21 items
    1. Liquidus Temperatures and Melting Characteristics of Some Early Container Glasses - M. Cable, I. W. Smedley 1987

      Article Recommended NOT HELD BY UCL LIBRARY SERVICES. PLEASE SEE COPIES AT BRITISH LIBRARY

    2. Scientific investigation of copies, fakes and forgeries - P. T. Craddock 2009

      Book Recommended

    3. The performance of the glass industry in sixteenth-century England - David W. Crossley, Huguenot Library

      Book Recommended

    4. On the distinction between 16th and 17th century Venetian and 'Facon de Venise' glass - I. De Raedt, K. Jansses, J. Veekman 2002

      Chapter Recommended

    5. The Value of Historic Window Glass - David Dungworth 2011

      Article Recommended Electronic Journal

    6. Historic window glass. The use of chemical analysis to date manufacture. - D. Dungworth 2012

      Article Recommended Available as a print Journal

    7. Historic windows: investigation of composition groups with nondestructive pXRF - Dungworth, David 2012

      Article Recommended NOT HELD BY UCL LIBRARY SERVICES. PLEASE SEE COPIES HELD AT BRITISH LIBRARY

    8. Three and a half centuries of bottle manufacture - David Dungworth 2012

      Article Recommended Electronic Journal

    9. The Science of Early British Porcelain - I. Freestone 2000

      Webpage Recommended Digital resource

    10. Provenance analysis of glass artefacts - B. Gratuze, K. Janssens 2004

      Chapter Recommended

    11. Technical study of Renaissance Venetian enamelled glass - M. T. Wypyski 2009

      Chapter Recommended

  12. 1 - Outline and discuss the evidence for glass production at Tel el-Amarna 3 items
    1. Brilliant things for Akhenaten: the production of glass, vitreous materials and pottery at Amarna Site O45.1 - Nicholson, Paul T., Gerisch, Rainer, Brook, Elina, Jackson, Caroline M. 2007

      Book Essential

    2. The Ulu Burun Glass Ingots, Cylindrical Vessels and Egyptian Glass - Paul T. Nicholson, Caroline M. Jackson and Katharine M. Trott 1997

      Article Essential Electronic Journal

  13. 2 - How does cobalt pigment vary in composition in ancient glass and ceramics, and how is this been used in the investigation of provenance? Give examples from several periods/cultures. 4 items
    1. Ancient exploitation and use of colbalt aulms from the Western Oases of Egypt - A. J. Shortland, M. S. Tite, I. Ewart 2006

      Article Essential Electronic Journal

  14. 3 - How do the isotopes of strontium and neodymium contribute to the determination of the provenance ancient glass? 3 items
    1. Strontium Isotopes in the Investigation of Early Glass Production: Byzantine and Early Islamic Glass from the Near East - I.C. Freestone, K.A. Leslie, M. Thirlwall, Y. Gorin-Rosen 2003

      Article Essential Electronic Journal

  15. 4 - Summarise and discuss the evidence for the composition, origins and manufacture of glass and glass beads in sub-Saharan Africa 3 items
    1. Early primary glass production in southern Nigeria - J. Lankton, A. Ige, T. Rehren 2006

      Article Essential

    2. Chemical Analysis of Glass from Nupe, Nigeria - P. Robertshaw, C. Weise 2009

      Article Essential Digitised reading

  16. 5 - Outline the development of lead crystal glass in the late seventeenth century. To what extent was “English” lead crystal glass an English innovation? 5 items
    1. Life of George Ravenscroft - B. E. Moody 1988

      Article Essential

  17. 6 - Outline the evidence for the occurrence, manufacture, and use of window glass in the Roman Empire 3 items
    1. Roman Window Glass - D. Allen

      Chapter Essential Digitised reading

    2. Windows, Baths, and Solar Energy in the Roman Empire - James W. Ring 1996

      Article Essential Electronic Journal

  18. 7 - How was kelp produced and what is the evidence for its use in glass? 4 items
    1. Three and a half centuries of bottle manufacture - David Dungworth 2012

      Article Essential Electronic Journal

    2. Kelp in historic glass: the application of strontium isotope analysis - D. Dugworth, P. Degryse, J. Schneider 2009

      Chapter Essential

    3. The Scottish kelp industry - Leslie Rymer 12/1974

      Article Essential Electronic Journal

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