Created:
03/07/2013 12:15:01
Last updated:
20/05/2014 11:45:51
This list relates to the academic year Academic Year 2013/14 which ended on 01/07/2014
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  1. Basic texts: For Egypt 7 items
    1. Ancient Egypt: anatomy of a civilization - Kemp, Barry J. 1989

      Book  The second edition is substantially revised. This is recommended particularly for students new to Egyptian archaeology.

    2. Egyptian archaeology - Wendrich, Willemina 2010

      Book 

    3. Conflicted antiquities: Egyptology, Egyptomania, Egyptian modernity - Colla, Elliott 2007

      Book 

    4. Egyptology: the missing millennium ; ancient Egypt in medieval Arabic writings - Daly, Okasha El c2005

      Book  The development of archaeology could be rewritten uncomfortably into the setting of the chapter on Treasure hunting in EL-Daly pp 31-41

    5. Basic texts: For the excavation history of material in the Petries Museum, extensive archival sources are cited in the following two biographical works. 2 items
      1. Flinders Petrie: a life in archaeology - Drower, Margaret S. 1985

        Book 

      2. Letters from the desert: the correspondence of Flinders and Hilda Petrie - Drower, Margaret S. c2004

        Book 

  2. 1. Introduction. Problems of perception: the Object encounter. 16 items
    1. The Chair Carrier - Y Idris

      Chapter 

    2. Essential Reading 2 items
      1. Conserving Egyptian heritage: seizing the moment. - F Hassan

        Chapter 

    3. Futher Reading 10 items
      1. Against cultural property: archaeology, heritage and ownership - Carman, John 2005

        Book 

      2. Ancient Egypt in medieval Arabic writings - O Eldaly

        Chapter 

      3. A history of archaeological thought - Trigger, Bruce G. 2006

        Book 

      4. The search for ancient Egypt - Vercoutter, Jean 1992

        Book 

      5. Chapter 1 Egyptian archaeology: from text to context.

        Chapter 

      6. The archaeology of early Egypt: social transformations in North-East Africa, 10,000 to 2650 BC - Wengrow, D. 2006

        Book 

    4. Further reading on the concept of culture: 3 items
      1. Chapter 8 Memory and Counter-memory.

        Chapter 

  3. 2.Orientalism in archaeology and ethnography: objectifying 'cultures' and people. 18 items
    1. Essential Reading 2 items
      1. Afterword - E Said

        Chapter  The afterword is in 1995 and later reprints, not in the earlier 1978 edition.

    2. Further reading on Edward Said Orientalism 2 items
      1. Subjectivity and Science in Postcolonial Archaeology - A Loomba

        Chapter 

      2. Orientalism: history, theory and the arts - MacKenzie, John M. c1995

        Book 

    3. On the historical context of disciplinary formation in archaeology and anthropology: 4 items
      1. Chapter 2 Colonial origins - C Gosden

        Book 

      2. Chapter 1 People, Objects and Colonial Relations - C Gosden, C Knowles

        Chapter 

      3. Colonialism and European archaeology - A Gonzalez-Ruibal

        Chapter 

    4. On Egyptian and foreign responses to archaeology in Egypt: 2 items
      1. Conflicted antiquities: Egyptology, Egyptomania, Egyptian modernity - Colla, Elliott 2007

        Book 

    5. On European reception of ancient Egypt: 4 items
    6. On the historical context of disciplinary formation in Egyptology: 3 items
      1. German orientalism in the age of empire: religion, race, and scholarship - Marchand, Suzanne L., German Historical Institute (Washington, D.C.) 2009

        Book 

      2. Chapter 1 Egypt at the Exhibition. - T Mitchell

        Chapter 

    7. On 'Cleopatra's Needle' and other obelisks outside Egypt: 1 item
  4. 3. Objects as encounters with people living today in the archaeological landscapes: 'heritage' and 'ownership'. 11 items
    1. Essential Reading 2 items
      1. Chapter 3 The Labourers. - W.M.F. Petrie

        Chapter 

    2. Futher Reading 8 items
      1. Chapter 7 Futures of the Mesopotamian past. - R Matthews

        Chapter 

      2. Collaborating at the trowel's edge: teaching and learning in indigenous archaeology - Silliman, Stephen W. c2008

        Book 

    3. Modern Egyptian tale on Mutual incomprehension: 1 item
  5. 4. Objects as encounters with people living in other times in the archaeological landscapes: makers and users. 7 items
    1. Essential Reading 2 items
      1. Chapter 7 Religion - K Szpakowska

        Chapter 

    2. Futher Reading: On the 'object biography' in archaeology: 1 item
      1. The Cultural Biography of Objects - Chris Gosden and Yvonne Marshall 1999

        Article 

    3. On the ambivalent object 1 item
      1. Walter Benjamin's Essay on Eduard Fuchs: An Art-Historical Perspective. - F Schwartz

        Chapter 

    4. Ancient Egyptian tale on a prized object: Episode of loss and recovery of the fish-pendant in the Tales at the Court of King Khufu, on 'Papyrus Westcar'. Translations are available in English in: 3 items
      1. Ancient Egyptian literature: a book of readings - Lichtheim, Miriam c2006

        Book 

      2. The literature of ancient Egypt: an anthology of stories, instructions and poetry - Simpson, William Kelly, Faulkner, Raymond Oliver, Wente, Edward Frank 1973

        Book 

  6. 5: Objects as encounters in museum practice: ancient monument/modern display as knowledge production 21 items
    1. Essential: 2 items
    2. Old essential: 2 items
      1. Chapter 1 The Artifaction of the Memnon Head - N.C. Durham

        Chapter 

    3. Further reading: Archaeological landscape in general, and context at Mennefer/Memphis: 2 items
      1. Regionality, cultural and cultic landscapes - D Jeffreys

        Chapter 

    4. Archaeological context at Abdju/Abydos: chapel monuments 5 items
      1. Abydos - B Kemp

        Chapter 

      2. The terrace of the great God at Abydos: the offering chapels of dynasties 12 and 13 - Simpson, William Kelly, Pennsylvania-Yale Expedition to Egypt, 1961-1962 1974

        Book 

    5. Archaeological context at Waset/Thebes: temple/tomb architecture/sculpture 4 items
      1. Introduction - E Hornung

        Chapter 

      2. Tomb painting and identity in Ancient Thebes, 1419-1372 BCE - Hartwig, Melinda K. c2004

        Book  pp 5-19

    6. On the assembling of the Egyptian collections in the British Museum: 6 items
      1. The story of the British Museum - Caygill, Marjorie May 1981

        Book 

      2. The British Museum and Ancient Egypt - James, T. G. H., British Museum c1981

        Book 

      3. The Astrolabe of the Enlightenment - D Preziosi

        Chapter 

  7. 6. Cross-cultural hierarchies of art: obstacles in seeing. 17 items
    1. Essential Reading 3 items
    2. Futher Reading 14 items
      1. Egyptian art - a performing art? - D Arnold

        Chapter 

      2. Colour and painting in ancient Egypt - Davies, W. V., British Museum 2001

        Book 

      3. Abducting the Agency of Art - W Davis

        Chapter 

      4. The ideology of the aesthetic - Eagleton, Terry 1990

        Book 

      5. What Was an Author? - Molly Nesbit 1987

        Article 

      6. Chapter 4. The Chain of Art - I Jenkins

        Chapter 

      7. Principles of Egyptian art - Schäfer, Heinrich, Brunner-Traut, Emma, Baines, John 1974

        Book 

      8. Chapter 5 Image, ritual and the construction of identity in late prehistory. - D Wengrow

        Chapter 

  8. 7: Diachronic hierarchies in the study of belief 15 items
    1. Essential: 3 items
    2. Futher Reading 12 items
      1. The search for God in ancient Egypt - Assmann, Jan 2001

        Book 

      2. Death and salvation in ancient Egypt - Assmann, Jan 2005

        Book 

      3. The anthropology of religion: an introduction - Bowie, Fiona 2006

        Book  Useful introduction includes the history of use of relevant terms in social sciences.

      4. The gods of the Egyptians: or, Studies in Egyptian mythology - Budge, E. A. Wallis 1904

        Book  Widely read early guide for a general public, useful for articulating assumptions among earlier generations of English-language Egyptology.

      5. A handbook of Egyptian religion - Erman, Adolf, Königliche Museen zu Berlin 1907

        Book  Internationally influential version of early 1900s Egyptological opinion.

      6. Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: the one and the many - Hornung, Erik, Baines, John 1983

        Book 

      7. Freud's Egyptian digs - C Schoske

        Chapter 

  9. 8: Reading ancient writing: tyranny of the alphabet 13 items
    1. Essential: 2 items
      1. The machinery of truth, - T Mitchell

        Chapter  Especially pp. 146-150 on the absence of vowels in abjad scripts such as Arabic DCA

    2. Futher Reading: 11 items
      1. Origins of Egyptian Writing - K Bard

        Chapter 

      2. Egyptian hieroglyphs - Davies, W. V., British Museum 1987

        Book 

      3. Prophets, lovers and giraffes: wor(l)d classification in ancient Egypt - Goldwasser, Orly, Müller, Matthias 2002

        Book 

      4. The first writing: script invention as history and process - Houston, Stephen D. 2004

        Book  Especially the articles by Trigger and Baines

      5. The evidence for early writing: utilitarian or ceremonial? - N Postgate, T Wang, T Wilkinson 1995

        Document 

      6. Archaeology and ancient history: breaking down the boundaries - Sauer, Eberhard W. 2004

        Book  Part 1, pp1-45

      7. Wiederentdeckung und Entzifferung - W Schenkel, D Schrift

        Chapter 

  10. 9: Time-space blocks: 'centre, region,periphery' 14 items
    1. Essential: 2 items
    2. Futher Reading 12 items
      1. Coffin texts from Lisht - Allen J

        Chapter  Combining ceramic studies, coffin typology, and political historical background for the periodisation of material culture.

      2. Relative chronology of Dyn.21 - K Jansen-Winkeln

        Chapter 

      3. The ancient Near East: c.3000-330 BC - Kuhrt, Amélie c1995

        Book  PP. 385-401

      4. The relative chronology of the First Intermediate Period. - S Seidlmayer

        Chapter 

      5. The Oxford history of Ancient Egypt - Shaw, Ian 2000

        Book  Short bibliographic essays pp 447-472

      6. Chronology and Periodization - A Spalinger

        Chapter 

  11. 10: Drawing the line: historiographical ruptures 21 items
    1. Essential Reading: 3 items
      1. The Unity of Africa - M Rowlands

        Chapter 

      2. A history of archaeological thought - Trigger, Bruce G. 2006

        Book  PP.241-278 and 311-313 on culture-historical archaeology

    2. Futher Reading: Critical theory and archaeological discussions: 4 items
      1. Theses on the Philosophy of History - W Benjamin

        Chapter 

      2. Introduction - I Morris, J Manning

        Chapter 

      3. Archaeology, language, and history: essays on culture and ethnicity - Terrell, John 2001

        Book  Introduction pp.1-10

    3. Discussions on historical change in Egypt and a borderline object: 2 items
      1. Dish of delight and coleoptera - B Adams

        Chapter 

    4. On Ancient Egyptian conceptions of time: 5 items
      1. Outlying temples at Amarna - B Kemp

        Chapter 

      2. Egyptian astronomical texts: Vol.1: The early decans - Neugebauer, O., Parker, R. A. 1960

        Book 

      3. Egyptian astronomical texts: Vol.2: The Ramesside Star Clocks - Neugebauer, O., Parker, Richard Anthony 1969

        Book 

      4. Hathor rising: the serpent power of ancient Egypt - Roberts, Alison 1995

        Book  Pp.8-16, notes on p.173

    5. On Festivals: 7 items
      1. Temple festival calendars of ancient Egypt - El-Sabban, Sherif c2000

        Book 

      2. Altägyptische Festdaten /gesammelt und bearbeitet von Siegfried Schott - Schott, Siegfried, Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur (Mainz, Germany) [1950]

        Book 

      3. Egyptian festival dating and the moon - A Spalinger

        Chapter 

      4. The Theban Necropolis: past, present and future - Strudwick, Nigel, Taylor, John H. 2003

        Book 

  12. 11: Grand narrative? Bronze Age and Iron Age in Egypt 13 items
    1. Essential: 2 items
    2. Futher Reading: 1. history and theory 5 items
      1. Invention and innovation: the social context of technological change, 2: Egypt, the Aegean and the Near East, 1650-1150 BC. - Phillips, Jacqueline Sharon, Bourriau, Janine, Social Context of Technological Change 2004

        Book 

      2. Theme 1: terminology - T Shaw

        Chapter 

      3. Chapter 3. Trades and occupations at the monastery, as shown by the excavations - H Winlock

        Chapter  Especially historical reflections at pp.96-97

    3. 2. archaeology: faience as case-study 5 items
      1. Gifts of the Nile: ancient Egyptian faience - Friedman, Florence D., Borromeo, Georgina, Leveque, Mimi, Cleveland Museum of Art 1998

        Book 

      2. Kiln excavations at P47.20 (house of Ramose complex) - P Nicholson

        Chapter 

      3. Egyptian Faience - P Nicholson, E Peltenberg

        Chapter 

      4. Production technology of faience and related early vitreous materials - Tite, M. S., Shortland, Andrew J. c2008

        Book  PP.23-29 (Bouquillon, Glazed steatite), pp. 37-44, 47-48 (Vandiver, Raw materials and fabrication methods used in the production of faience), pp. 57-60 (Kaczmarczyk and Vandiver, Faience production in Egypt), pp. 147-151 (Hatton, Production of Egyptian blue and green frits) 208-209 (Conclusion)

      5. Prehistories of Commodity Branding - David Wengrow 2008-02

        Article 

    4. For faience of different periods in the Petrie Museum collections: 1 item
  13. 12. Moving to the city: Lahun 18 items
    1. Essential: 3 items
      1. Asiatic mode of production and ancient Near East. Notes towards a discussion - C Zaccagnini

        Chapter  With nn. on pp. 99-114 STORE 01-07675 and course copy.

    2. Futher Reading: Theory and history: 3 items
      1. Gramsci, culture and anthropology - Crehan, Kate A. F. 2002

        Book  Chapter 5. Subaltern culture, pp.98

      2. A history of archaeological thought - Trigger, Bruce G. 2006

        Book  pp.104-105 and 121-133 on the Three Ages combined with 'Closed Finds'. TRI 2 and AG TRi for importance of assessing documentation for each find, a particular problem for the excavation history of Lahun

    3. Town and town-houses in Egyptian archaeology: 5 items
      1. Villages and the Old Kingdom - M Lehner

        Chapter 

    4. Land-owning in Egyptian archaeology: 5 items
      1. The Heqanakht papyri - Allen, James P., Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.) 2002

        Book 

    5. Lahun: 2 items
  14. 13. Social class and structural constraints 11 items
    1. Essential: Part 1 and 2: Idealism and realism 1 item
      1. The development of rank societies - S Shennan

        Chapter 

    2. Futher Reading: Theory and history: 2 items
      1. Class and society: position and possessions - W Grajetzki

        Chapter 

      2. Chapter 5 Nobody listens to a poor man - T Mitchell

        Chapter  This offers a modern setting for the ancient Egyptian Tale of Khuninpu ('Eloquent Oasisman'), for which see the synopsis at http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk

    3. Ancient written sources: 3 items
      1. A papyrus of the late Middle Kingdom in the Brooklyn Museum: Papyrus Brooklyn 35.1446 - Hayes, William C., Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn Museum c1955

        Book 

    4. Ancient written sources - legal documents 4 items
      1. The Concept of Law in Ancient Egypt - A Theodorides

        Chapter 

    5. Archaeological evidence: 1 item
      1. The tale of a fish: a foreign glass maker at Amarna? - A Shortland

        Chapter  An example of a 'rich' object found in a 'poor' context: useful archaeological document for testing assumptions over ancient life chances - note again lack of documentation for Lahun finds.

  15. 14. Institutions of unity and division: writing power 17 items
    1. Essential: 17 items
      1. 1. The Egyptological application of the 'Great Divide' thesis of Ong 2 items
        1. 2. A medievalist critique of the 'Great Divide' thesis 1 item
          1. Public reading and the reading public in late medieval England and France - Coleman, Joyce 1996

            Book  Ch. 1, On beyond Ong: the bases of a revised theory of orality and literacy, pp.1-33

      2. Further reading: Theory and history: 4 items
        1. The book history reader - Finkelstein, David, McCleery, Alistair c2006

          Book  The practical impact of writing. From P.Aries and G. Duby (eds), A history of private life, vol 3, Passions of the Renaissance.Cambridge Mass, 1982

        2. Literacy and literacies: texts, power, and identity - Collins, James, Blot, Richard K. 2003

          Book  Chapter 2. The literacy thesis:vexed questions of rationally, development and self; and Chapter 6. Literacy, power, and identity: colonial legacies and indigenous transformations.

        3. Chapter 6. Intellectuals and the Production of Culture - K Crehan

          Chapter  Especially 131-137.

      3. Archaeology 3 items
        1. Incised marks on pottery and other objects from Kahun - O Kaper

          Chapter 

      4. Egyptological discussion of writing practice and training: 7 items
        1. Bureaucrats - O Berlev

          Chapter 

        2. Writing in a workmen's village: scribal practice in Ramesside Deir el-Medina - Heel, K. Donker van, Haring, B. J. J. 2003

          Book 

        3. Literacy and letters at Deir el-Medina - J Janssen

          Chapter  Without appendix pp.91-94

        4. Scribes - A Roccati

          Chapter 

        5. Scribal Training in Ancient Egypt - Ronald J. Williams 1972

          Article 

      5. On the precise find locations of papyri from Lahun: 1 item
        1. The UCL Lahun Papyri: accounts - Collier, Mark, Quirke, Stephen 2006

          Book 

  16. 15. Ethnicity at local level 15 items
    1. Essential: 2 items
      1. Fragments and Re-Integration in the Third Intermediate Period - R Ritner

        Chapter 

    2. Further reading: Theory and history 3 items
      1. The meaning of skin colour in Eighteenth Dynasty Egypt - C Cheal

        Chapter 

      2. The archaeology of identity: approaches to gender, age, status, ethnicity and religion - Díaz-Andreu García, Margarita 2005

        Book  Especially Sam Lucy on Ethnic and cultural identities. Pp. 86-109

    3. Archaeological studies of ethnic groups in ancient Egypt: 10 items
      1. Nubian evidence in Hierakonpolis - S Giuliani

        Chapter 

      2. Mayana K 1300 at Sedment el-Gebel: Traces fo Ethnicity - C Lilyquist

        Chapter 

      3. The nature of Tjemhu(Libyan) society in late New Kingdom Egypt - D O'Connor

        Chapter  Especially pp.25-30 Representation of ethnicity and gender on the wooden funerary stelae pp.51-57 On the question of ethnicity.

      4. Investigating ethnic and gender identities as expressed on wooden funerary stelae from the Libyan Period (c. 1069-715 B.C.E.) in Egypt - Saleh, Heidi 2007

        Book  Especially pp. 25-30 Representation of ethnicity and gender on the wooden funerary stelae, pp.51-57 On the question of ethnicity.

      5. Foreigners in Egypt: archaeological evidence and cultural context - T Schneider

        Chapter 

  17. 16. Trade and Empire: local impact 14 items
    1. Essential: 2 items
      1. 1. archaeological record of material transfers in MBA: evidence of words/images/objects 1 item
      2. 2. interpreting words:inw = 'tribute' ? 1 item
    2. Futher Reading: 12 items
      1. Beyond Babylon: art, trade, and diplomacy in the second millennium B.C. - Aruz, Joan, Benzel, Kim, Evans, Jean M., Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.) 2008

        Book 

      2. The Near East in the Bronze Age - M Liverani

        Chapter 

      3. The Amarna letters - Moran, William L. c1992

        Book 

      4. Egypt in the Eastern Mediterranean during the Old Kingdom: an archaeological perspective - Sowada, K., Grave, Peter c2009

        Book  Especially 245-255.

  18. 17. Moving to the individual: Qau and Badari 10 items
    1. Essential: 2 items
    2. Futher Reading: 2 items
    3. Primary publications 6 items
      1. Qau and Badari II - Guy Brunton, British School of Archaeology in Egypt, Egyptian Research Account 1928

        Book 

      2. The Badarian civilisation and predynastic remains near Badari - Guy Brunton, Gertrude Caton-Thompson, British School of Archaeology in Egypt, Egyptian Research Account 1928

        Book 

      3. Qau and Badari III - Guy Brunton, British School of Archaeology in Egypt, Egyptian Research Account 1930

        Book 

      4. Mostagedda and the Tasian culture - Guy Brunton, G. M. Morant 1937

        Book 

      5. Matmar - Guy Brunton 1948

        Book 

  19. 18 Age/class/gender/ethnicity in the archaeological record 13 items
    1. Essential: 3 items
      1. Archaeologies of social life: age, sex, class et cetera in ancient Egypt - Lynn Meskell 1999

        Book  Pp. 178-183 and 193-195 on the older woman Madja

    2. Futher Reading: Theory and History 3 items
      1. Private life in New Kingdom Egypt - Lynn Meskell 2002

        Book 

      2. No sex, no gender - N Partner

        Chapter 

      3. Gender in ancient Egypt - T Wilfong

        Chapter 

    3. Archaeological case-studies 6 items
      1. Scarabs of the second millennium BC from Egypt, Nubia, Crete and the Levant : chronological and historical implications: papers of a symposium, Vienna, 10th-13th of January 2002 - Manfred Bietak, Ernst Czerny 2004

        Book  Early Middle Kingdom seals and sealings from Abu Ghali in the western Nile Delta - observations by T Bagh. pp13-25

      2. The 'm'mt woman - P O'Rourke

        Article 

    4. Letters to the Dead: 1 item
  20. 19 Individual agency with different abitlities 15 items
    1. Essential: 3 items
      1. Abseits von Ma'at: Fallstudien zu Aussenseitern im alten Ägypten - Hans-Werner Fischer-Elfert c2005

        Book 

    2. Futher Reading: 12 items
      1. The art of medicine in ancient Egypt - James P. Allen, Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.) c2005

        Book 

      2. Chapter 6 Pity, fear and pleasure - T Eagleton

        Chapter 

      3. The mechanics of ancient Egyptian magical practice - Robert Kriech Ritner, University of Chicago 1993

        Book 

  21. 20. Evaluating the object as a multi-personal identifier 4 items
    1. Essential: 1 item
    2. Futher Reading: 3 items
      1. The cultural biography of things: commoditization as process - I Kopytoff

        Chapter 

  22. Essay title options: 12 items
    1. Coursework 1 5 items
      1. 1.How might 'Egyptian' objects excavated in ancient contexts outside Egypt affect the restitution debate? Discuss with reference to both ancient Egyptian and Egyptianising material 5 items
        1. Restitution and repatriation: guidelines for good practice - Legget, Jane A., Great Britain 2000

          Book  For this option, it is recommended to explore in detail one time/place/object category. Example: Late Middle Bronze Age (Late Middle Kingdom and Second Intermediate period) Egyptian and Egyptianising Obelisks/scarabs/hieroglyphs in the Levant.

        2. 2. What does the current location and content of the main museum displays and university libraries reveal about Egyptology and its future? 0 items
          For this option title it is important to consider ways in which museum displays and university libraries may be considered dominant resources for the study of ancient Egypt. Further reading for seminars 1 to 3 may also be useful.
        3. 3. To what extent can the 21st museum visitor to site or museum experience a monument from the past in the same manner as its ancient makers and users? 0 items
          For this seminar, it may be useful to take case-studies from sites and museums which you have visited. See the reading for seminars1,4 and 5
        4. 4.What problems and potentials would you identify in the place allotted to Ancient Egypt in general histories of art? 0 items
          For this option, see the reading recommended for seminar 6.
        5. 5. Assess the relevance of archaeological archives from early excavation, in comparison with finds from new fieldwork, and contemporary conservation priorities? 4 items
          Discuss with reference to one site and its documentation/finds. The archive may be written, pictorial (e.g. photographic), mixed.
          1. Letters from the desert: the correspondence of Flinders and Hilda Petrie - Drower, Margaret S. c2004

            Book 

          2. Unseen images: archive photographs in the Petrie Museum, Volume 1: Gurob, Sedment and Tarkhan - Picton, Janet, Pridden, Ivor, Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, Friends of the Petrie Museum 2008

            Book 

          3. The Egypt Exploration Society: the early years - Spencer, Patricia 2007

            Book 

    2. Coursework 2 7 items
      1. 1.Does the category of 'dynasty' do more harm than good in studying Egypt? 0 items
        For this option, see the reading recommended for seminars 9 and 10, and cite examples from your general course reading where authors have used or avoided 'dynasties' in their dating of archaeological material. You may wish to refer to sites covered in this or later stages of the course, such as Lahun town or the Qau-Badari-Matmar series of cemeteries and settlements.
      2. 2. Comparing the history one technology with traditional 'political history', 1 item
        Discuss how and whether it is possible to write a unified 'total history' for ancient Egypt. For this option, see the reading recommended for seminars 10 and 11
      3. 3. What insights might be gained from the comparison between 'new towns' ancient and modern in Egypt? 3 items
        1. Model Communities on planned towns in ancient Egypt - B Kemp

          Chapter 

        2. Chapter 4 The Character of Caculability - T Mitchell

          Chapter 

        3. Colonising Egypt - Mitchell, Timothy 1988

          Book  Pp.34-62 chapter 3 Enframing, especially pp.44-48 on model housing.

      4. 4. Among written, wisual and other material evidence, what types of sources are available for a history of justice in ancient Egypt, and how have these been used by Egyptologists? 0 items
        for this option, see the reading recommended for seminar 13; if you intend to discuss evidence for the level of commitment from different groups within society consider also the reading for seminar 14.
      5. 5. What advantages would you see in a 'history of ancient Egypt' that did not rely on written evidence? 3 items
        1. Archaeology and text - Moreland, John 2001

          Book 

      6. 6.How would you account for the relatively low visibility of peoples from the west of Egypt in our record from the second millennium BC? 0 items
        For this option, see the reading recommended for seminar 15 and references cited in the O'Connor and Ritner articles there.
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