globe
  1. Essential background reading 4 items
    1. The age of empires: Mesopotamia in the first millennium BC - Francis Joannès 2004

      Book Essential The best background reading for this course; buy a paperback copy if you can.

    2. A history of the ancient Near East ca. 3000-323 BC - Marc Van de Mieroop 2016

      Book  The latest (third) edition of this standard background textbook. A bit dull but a lighter read than Kuhrt. Pp. 221–344 cover most of our period — but it stops before the Seleucids, for which you will need Joannes

    3. Cultural atlas of Mesopotamia and the ancient Near East - Michael Roaf 2004

      Book  As you might expect from the title, great for maps & illustrations. Text a bit out of date — 25 years old now!

    4. The ancient Near East: c.3000-330 BC - Amélie Kuhrt 1995

      Book  Chapters 9, 11 and 13 for some rather dense political background. Bear in mind that this is 20 years old and many small things in it are now out of date; doesn't cover the later part of our period. Check with me if at all unsure.

  2. Museum catalogues 5 items
  3. Major secondary sources 35 items
    Use the bibliographies in these books and articles to dig deeper into the literature. To that end I've listed them with the most recent first.
    1. Religion and ideology in Assyria - Beate Pongratz-Leisten 2015

      Book  Heavily focused on religion in the ideology of kingship; won't give you much access to temple life beyond the king.

    2. Ancient Mesopotamian religion: a descriptive introduction - Ivan Hrůša, Michael Tait 2015

      Book  A very useful recent overview — but be aware that he doesn't always distinguish between our period and earlier ones. Excellent thematic bibliography!

    3. Nimrud: Materialities of Assyrian Knowledge Production - Robson Eleanor, Horry Ruth, Taylor Jon, Zamazalova Silvie 2015

      Website 

    4. Achaemenid Religion - Prods Oktor Skjaervø 06/2014

      Article 

    5. Tempel im Alten Orient: 7. Internationales Colloquium der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft, 11.-13. Oktober 2009, München - Kai Kaniuth, Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft. Internationales Colloquium 2013

      Book  See in particular the (English!) chapters by Gabbay on performance of prayers, Kleber on economy and politics, and Roaf on the origins of civilisations

    6. Hatra: politics, culture and religion between Parthia and Rome - Lucinda Dirven c2013

      Book 

    7. An introduction to ancient Mesopotamian religion - Tammi J. Schneider 2011

      Book  Very elementary but useful for bibliography

    8. The Oxford Handbook of Cuneiform Culture 2011

      Book  See especially the chapters by Clancier, Jursa, Löhnert, and Waerzeggers.

    9. Mesopotamia - Seymour Michael J 2011

      Chapter 

    10. From the foundations to the crenellations: essays on temple building in the Ancient Near East and Hebrew Bible - Richard S. Ellis, Mark J. Boda, Jamie R. Novotny 2010

      Book 

    11. The Ezida temple of Borsippa: priesthood, cult, archives - Caroline Waerzeggers 2010

      Book 

    12. The cult of Aššur - G. van Driel 1969

      Book 

    13. Legal transactions of the royal court of Nineveh - Theodore Kwasman, Simo Parpola, Raija Mattila 1991-2002

      Book 

    14. 18. Assyrian religion - Stefan Maul

      Chapter 

    15. La vie méconnue des temples mésopotamiens - Dominique Charpin 2017

      Book  On order for the library; borrow my copy meanwhile if you'd like. Mostly on periods earlier than we cover but with an interestingly different thematic approach which may stimulate ideas for dissertations, including: healing; banks lawcourts and prisons; metrological bureaux; schools, libraries and archives; prostitution; funerals.

  4. Reference works 16 items
    For looking up people, gods, and places.
    1. Dictionary of the Ancient Near East - Piotr Bienkowski, A. R. Millard 2000

      Book 

    2. Gods, demons and symbols of ancient Mesopotamia: an illustrated dictionary - Jeremy A. Black, Anthony Green, Tessa Rickards c1992

      Book 

    3. House most high: the temples of ancient Mesopotamia - A. R. George 1993

      Book  Dense but very useful index of all the Mesopotamian temple names: tells you which god, which city, which period, etc.

    4. The Helsinki atlas of the Near East in the Neo-Assyrian period - Simo Parpola, Michael Porter, Casco Bay Assyriological Institute 2001

      Book 

    5. The Oxford encyclopedia of archaeology in the Near East - Eric M. Meyers, American Schools of Oriental Research 1997

      Book 

    6. The prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian empire - Simo Parpola, Karen Radner, Raija Mattila, Rüdiger Schmitt 1998-

      Book 

    7. Who's who in the Ancient Near East - Gwendolyn Leick 1999

      Book 

    8. Stellarium

      Webpage  Free planetarium software — great for visualising Babylonian scholarly perceptions of the night sky and its divine inhabitants.

  5. Editions of primary sources: letters and legal documents 12 items
    1. Neo-Babylonian trial records - Shalom E. Holtz c2014

      Book 

    2. Letters from Assyrian and Babylonian scholars - Simo Parpola, Julian Reade 1993

      Book  Texts online at SAAo too—but the intro and commentary are only in the book.

    3. Letters from priests to the kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal - Steven William Cole, Peter Machinist, Simo Parpola, Julian Reade 1998

      Book  Texts online at SAAo too— but intro and commentary are only in the book.

    4. Neo-Babylonian letters and contracts from the Eanna Archive - Eckart Frahm, Michael Jursa c2011

      Book 

    5. The correspondence of Sargon II - Simo Parpola, Andreas Fuchs, Sargon 1987-2001

      Book 

    6. Grants, decrees and gifts of the Neo-Assyrian period - L. Kataja, Robert M. Whiting, J. N. Postgate, Simo Parpola 1995

      Book  Texts online at SAAo too—but the intro and commentary are only in the book.

    7. The political correspondence of Esarhaddon - Mikko Luukko, Greta van Buylaere, Simo Parpola 2002

      Book 

  6. Editions of primary sources: royal inscriptions 17 items
    1. Assyrian rulers of the early first millennium BC: 1: (1114-859 BC) - Albert Kirk Grayson c1991

      Book  No online element for these yet.

    2. Assyrian rulers of the early first millennium BC: 2: 858-745 BC - Albert Kirk Grayson c1996

      Book  No online element for these yet.

    3. The royal inscriptions of Tiglath-pileser III (744-727 BC) and Shalmaneser V (726-722 BC), kings of Assyria - Hayim Tadmor, Shigeo Yamada, Jamie R. Novotny 2011

      Book  Texts online at RINAP; but you will need the book for introduction and commentary.

    4. Einleitung in die Sanherib-Inschriften - Eckart Frahm, Universität Wien. Institut für Orientalistik 1997

      Book  In German; I will provide English translations of any text we use in class.

    5. Die Inschriften Sargons II. aus Khorsabad / Andreas Fuchs. - Andreas Fuchs 1994

      Book  In German; I will provide English translations for any texts we use in class.

    6. The royal inscriptions of Sennacherib, King of Assyria (704-681 BC): Part 2 - Albert Kirk Grayson, Jamie R. Novotny, Sennacherib 2014

      Book  Texts online at RINAP; but you will need the book for introduction and commentary.

    7. The royal inscriptions of Sennacherib, King of Assyria (704-681 BC): Part 1 - Albert Kirk Grayson, Jamie R. Novotny, Sennacherib 2012

      Book  Texts online at RINAP; but you will need the book for introduction and commentary.

    8. The royal inscriptions of Esarhaddon, king of Assyria (680-669 BC) - Erle Leichty, Esarhaddon 2011

      Book  Texts online at RINAP; but you will need the book for introduction and commentary.

    9. RINAP 5: Ashurbanipal, Aššur-etel-ilani and Sin-šarru-iškun - Jamie Novotny, Greta Van Buylaere

      Webpage  Preliminary unpublished editions without intro or commentary; use in consultation with me.

    10. Royal Inscriptions of Babylonia online - Jamie Novotny

      Webpage  Preliminary online edition; use in conjunction with Da Riva's 2008 introduction

    11. The inscriptions of Nabopolassar, Amel-Marduk and Neriglissar - Rocío Da Riva 2013

      Book 

    12. Die Inschriften Nabonids von Babylon und Kyros' des Grossen samt den in ihrem Umfeld entstandenen Tendenzschriften: Textausgabe und Grammatik - Hanspeter Schaudig 2001

      Book  In German; I will provide translations of texts we use in class.

    13. Seleucid Building Inscriptions - Kathryn Stevens, Eleanor Robson

      Webpage 

    14. The Persian Empire - Amélie Kuhrt 2007

      Book 

  7. Editions of primary sources: temple administration 6 items
    1. Garments of the Gods: Vol. 2: Texts - Stefan Zawadzki 2013

      Book 

    2. Imperial administrative records - Frederick Mario Fales, J. N. Postgate 1992-

      Book  Texts online at SAAo too—but intro and commentary only in the book.

    3. The pantheon of Uruk during the neo-Babylonian period - Paul-Alain Beaulieu 2003

      Book 

    4. Uruk: spätbabylonische Wirtschaftstexte aus dem Eanna-Archiv, Teil 2: Texte verschiedenen Inhalts - Erlend Gehlken, Deutsches Archäologisches Institut. Abteilung Baghdad 1996

      Book  In German; I'll provide English translations of sources we use in class.

    5. Uruk: spätbabylonische Wirtschaftstexte aus dem Eanna-Archiv, Teil 1: Texte verschiedenen Inhalts - Erlend Gehlken, Deutsches Archäologisches Institut. Abteilung Baghdad 1990

      Book  In German; I'll provide English translations of sources we use in class.

  8. Editions of primary sources: hymns and prayers, incantations and rituals 14 items
    1. Before the muses: an anthology of Akkadian literature - Benjamin R. Foster c2005

      Book  Includes hymns and prayers. Only the "late" period, in Foster's classification, is relevant to this course.

    2. Bilinguals in Late Mesopotamian Scholarship - Steve Tinney, Jeremiah Peterson

      Article  Includes lots of hymns, prayers and incantations

    3. The Canonical Lamentations of Ancient Mesopotamia - Marc E. Cohen 1988

      Book  In SOAS library

    4. The Corpus of Ancient Mesopotamian Scholarship - Eleanor Robson, Philippe Clancier, Graham Cunningham, Marie-Françoise Besnier

      Webpage 

    5. Court poetry and literary miscellanea - Alasdair Livingstone 1989

      Book  Texts are online at SAAo; use the book for introduction and commentary.

    6. "Herzberuhigungsklagen" : die sumerisch-akkadischen Eršahunga-Gebete - Stefan Maul 1988

      Book  In German; I will provide English translations for anything we use in class.

    7. Pacifying the Hearts of the Gods: Sumerian Emesal prayers of the first millenium BC - Uri Gabbay 2014

      Book  A thorough introduction rather than an edition, but includes lots of good material, and references to earlier editions. In SOAS library

    8. Assyrian prophecies - Simo Parpola, Julian Reade 1997

      Book 

    9. Assyrian royal rituals and cultic texts 2017

      Book 

  9. Editions of primary sources: scholarly works 9 items
    1. Babylonian Horoscopes - Francesca Rochberg 1998

      Book 

    2. Babylonian Topographical Texts - Andrew George 1992

      Book  Download a free PDF from this link.

    3. The Corpus of Ancient Mesopotamian Scholarship - Eleanor Robson, Philippe Clancier, Graham Cunningham, Marie-Françoise Besnier

      Webpage 

    4. Mesopotamian chronicles - Jean-Jacques Glassner, Benjamin R. Foster c2004

      Book 

    5. Späbabylonische Texte aus Uruk, vols. I-IV - Hermann Hunger, Egbert von Weiher 1976-1998

      Book  In German; many texts edited online on GKAB (in English); we will use English translations in class.

    6. Astrological reports to Assyrian Kings - Hermann Hunger 1992

      Book 

    7. Babylonian creation myths - W. G. Lambert 2013

      Book 

  10. Secondary studies of particular (groups of) sources 48 items
    1. On the Initiation of Babylonian Priests - Caroline Waerzeggers, Michael Jursa 2008

      Article 

    2. Approaching the Babylonian economy: proceedings of the START project symposium held in Vienna, 1-3 July 2004 - Heather D. Baker, Michael Jursa, Fonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung (Austria) 2005

      Book  See the chapters by Beaulieu and Jankovic in particular

    3. Neo-Assyrian Period - Radner, K Westbrook, R

      Webpage 

    4. The Splintered Divine: A Study of Istar, Baal, and Yahweh Divine Names and ... - Spencer L. Allen 2015

      Book  Also at SOAS, Level B stack 4, classmark QB202.11 /514610. The chapter on Ištar in the Neo-Assyrian period is clearly most relevant to us; you can ignore the rest.

    5. Ištar, Goddess of War, Pacifier of Kings - Ilona Zsolnay

      Article  On the Middle Assyrian (MA) period, but pertinent because Aššurnasirpal took over existing (MA) Ištar shrines at Kalhu

    6. The god Ninurta in the mythology and royal ideology of ancient Mesopotamia - Amar Annus 2002

      Book  At SOAS, Level B Stack 4-5, classmark QE890 /900062

    7. Khorsabad - Gordon Loud, Henri Frankfort, Thorkild Jacobsen, Charles B. Altman 1936-1938

      Book  The description of Nabu's temple is in Volume 2, pp. 56-65 (plus huge amounts of illustrations and photos)

    8. Counter-texts, Commentaries, and Adaptations - Eckart Frahm 2010

      Article  Not all of this is relevant: look for the section on Assyrian responses.

    9. The Assyrian recension of Enūma Eliš - W G Lambert

      Article 

    10. The First Tour of Hell: From Neo-Assyrian Propaganda to Early Jewish Revelation - Seth Sanders 01/11/2009

      Article  On the Marduk Ordeal text. No need to bother with the sections about later periods

    11. Archaeology and epigraphy at Tayma (Saudi Arabia) - Ricardo Eichmann, Hanspeter Schaudig, Arnulf Hausleiter 11/2006

      Article 

    12. Ur excavations: Vol.9: The Neo-Babylonian and Persian periods - M. E. L. Mallowan, Leonard Woolley, British Museum, University of Pennsylvania. University Museum 1962

      Book 

    13. The Giparu at Ur - Penelope N. Weadock 1975

      Article 

    14. Political Memory in and after the Persian Empire (pdf) - Jason M. Silverman, Caroline Waerzeggers 2015

      Book 

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