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  2. Session 1- Towards urban health justice 11 items
    In an urbanizing world, the health of urban dwellers is becoming a central concern, especially since social gaps are growing between cities and regions. Consequently the first session aims to present the centrality of social justice discourse to urban health in general and in the Global South in particular. Urban health will be defined along various approaches, emphasising the transition from the clinical approach to health-just approach and to the social determinants of health. Health will be discussed as an integrative component in the analysis of the urban as a social, political and spatial entity, looking at the effects of urbanisation on both physical and mental health.
    1. Essential readings 5 items
    2. Additional readings 6 items
      1. Planning and the just City - Susan S Farnstein

        Chapter Optional E-book

      2. Readings in urban theory - Susan S. Fainstein, Scott Campbell 1996

        Book Optional Read: Harvey, D., (1996). "Social Justice, Postmodernism, and the City", pp. 415-434.

      3. Cosmopolis II: mongrel cities of the 21st century - Leonie Sandercock, Peter Lyssiotis c2003

        Book 

      4. Making unhealthy places: The built environment and non-communicable diseases in Khayelitsha, Cape Town - Warren Smit, Ariane de Lannoy, Robert V.H. Dover, Estelle V. Lambert 05/2016

        Article  E-journal

      5. Urban health: a new discipline - David Vlahov, Sandro Galea 10/2003

        Article  E-journal

  3. Session 2: Urban health, planning and humanitarian aid 12 items
    This session introduces the historical, social and ideological roots of planning, as a modern discipline, which is linked to the health, sanitary and wellbeing of cities’ population. The session will introduce the different institutions involved in planning and health such as the state and INGOs. Furthermore, in a world where rapid urbanisation, poverty, environmental degradation, political violence and climate change affect urban conditions, there is a necessity to re-think planning and humanitarian aid in the field of urban health.
    1. Essential Readings: 5 items
      1. Seeking refuge in Europe: spaces of transit and the violence of migration management - Leonie Ansems de Vries, Elspeth Guild 30/05/2018

        Article Essential E-journal

      2. Cities, urbanization and health - D. A Leon 01/02/2008

        Article Essential E-journal

      3. Shaping cities for health: complexity and the planning of urban environments in the 21st century - Yvonne Rydin, Ana Bleahu, Michael Davies, Julio D Dávila 06/2012

        Article Essential E-journal

    2. Additional Readings: 7 items
      1. Illegal cities: law and urban change in developing countries - Edesio Fernandes, Ann Varley 1998

        Book 

      2. Conflict and health - Natasha Howard, Egbert Sondorp, Annemarie ter Veen 2012

        Book  To read: Chapters 4 and 5

  4. Session 3: Public health and its contribution to urban justice 6 items
    The session will explore the role that development planning and public health play in the health of urban dwellers. The session introduces key approaches for the study of urban health, focusing on understanding the goals of public health to improve health and eliminate health disparities, on social determinants of health, social epidemiology and population health; introducing basic measurements of association of outcomes and risk factors used in public health.
    1. Essential Readings: 3 items
      1. A health justice journey: documenting our stories and speaking for ourselves - Alma Leyva, Imelda S. Plascencia, Mayra Yoana Jaimes Pena

        Chapter Essential Digitised reading

    2. Additional Readings: 3 items
      1. Health Geographies: A Critical Introduction - T Brown, Gavin J. Andrews, Steven Cummins, Beth Greenhough

        Book Recommended Please read Chapter 11, 193-214; Chapter 14, 251-270; Chapter 8, 137-155.

      2. Urban Health Research in Africa: Themes and Priority Research Questions - Tolu Oni, Warren Smit, Richard Matzopoulos, Jo Hunter Adams 2016-8

        Article  E-journal

  5. Session 4: Health and urban informality 9 items
    This session explores implications for healthcare and population health in informal settlements. Urban informality characterizes many cities in the Global South where housing conditions, lack of infrastructure, limited food supply and unemployment are among the causes of high mortality rate, high infant mortality rate, and short life expectancy, as well as matters of social and racial inequality, which has great relevance to the current urban debate. These issues are in the core of this session that will discuss urban informality in the Global South and their effect on health, governance and climate change and their relevance to our understanding of urban health.
    1. Essential Readings: 5 items
      1. The history, geography, and sociology of slums and the health problems of people who live in slums - Alex Ezeh, Oyinlola Oyebode, David Satterthwaite, Yen-Fu Chen 02/2017

        Article  E-journal

      2. Why is health so poor among low-income urban dwellers? - D. Mitlin, D. Satterthwaite

        Chapter  Digitised reading

    2. Additional Readings: 4 items
      1. Illegal cities: law and urban change in developing countries - Edesio Fernandes, Ann Varley 1998

        Book Optional To Read: Fernandes, E., and Varley, A., (1998). "Law, the City and Citizenship in Developing Countries: an Introduction", pp. 3-17.

      2. Starting from here: challenges in planning for better health care - Maureen Mackintosh 2017

        Chapter  In: Bhan, G, Srinivas, S., and Watson, W., (Eds) The Routledge Companion to Planning in the Global South. Routledge, pp. 310-322. E-book

  6. Session 5: Urban health and vulnerability 6 items
    This session examines groups that are typically labelled vulnerable to health hazards in the urban environment, with a focus on the underlying sources of different people’s vulnerability linked to social identity (age, gender, ethnicity/race, income/class, disability, location) and status (illegal/legal), particularly in the context of urban poverty. In doing so, insights from gender and intersectionality are drawn on to understand how the characteristics of people and the environments in which they live and work influence one another in relation to processes of urban change.
    1. Essential Readings: 3 items
      1. Gender and new wars - Christine Chinkin, Mary Kaldor 2013

        Article Essential E-journal

      2. Theorising gender - R. W. Connell 1985

        Article Essential E-journal

      3. Women tempo drivers: challenging doxa - Punam K. Yadav

        Chapter Essential

    2. Additional Readings: 3 items
      1. Making unhealthy places: The built environment and non-communicable diseases in Khayelitsha, Cape Town - Warren Smit, Ariane de Lannoy, Robert V.H. Dover, Estelle V. Lambert 05/2016

        Article  E-journal

  7. Session 6: Urban health, disasters and climate change 4 items
    This session explores health hazards in the urban environment across a spectrum, ranging from everyday events (e.g. infectious and paratactic diseases, road traffic accidents), to small disasters (e.g. seasonal floods, localised landslides), to large-scale disasters (e.g. earthquakes, floods, tropical storms). It then assesses the various ways in which climate change is expected to worsen existing, and create new, urban health hazards across this spectrum.
    1. Essential Readings: 2 items
      1. Climate, climate change and human health in Asian cities - Sari Kovats, Rais Akhtar 04/2008

        Article Essential E-journal

    2. Additional Readings: 2 items
      1. Managing the health effects of climate change - Anthony Costello, Mustafa Abbas, Adriana Allen, Sarah Ball 05/2009

        Journal  Multiple articles available to read.

      2. From everyday hazards to disasters: the accumulation of risk in urban areas - L Bull-Kamanga, K Diagne, A Lavell, E Leon 04/2003

        Article  E-journal

  8. Session 7: Infrastructure, mobility and urban health 6 items
    This session focuses on the influence of infrastructure provision (such as electricity, transportation, water) and the lack of it on health disparities in cities. Infrastructures connect and disconnect residents from and within the city and the struggle over infrastructures highlight their centrality as sites of contestation and negotiation over inclusion and exclusion, and can thus create vulnerabilities on several levels, including vulnerability to the functional health risks. This session will discuss the ways in which infrastructures are gradually acknowledged as important determinants of population health and are central for our understanding of the ways in which health is shaped by urbanisation processes.
    1. Essential Readings: 3 items
      1. CHAPTER 4 Urban Poverty: An Urgent Public Health Issue - SUSAN MERCADO, KIRSTEN HAVEMANN, MOJGAN SAMI and HIROSHI UEDA

        Chapter Essential E-book

    2. Additional Readings: 3 items
  9. Session 8: Key knowledge and data gaps on urban health 5 items
    This session critiques the limitations of conventional methodologies for assessing the prevalence and socio-spatial distribution of morbidity and mortality and their underlying causes in low- and middle-income countries, and explores how they limit an understanding of urban health. The session then explores innovative methodologies that have emerged to monitor and assess urban health and to inform interventions that seek to achieve urban environments that are both healthier and more resilient to the full spectrum of health hazards (everyday, small and large).
    1. Essential Readings: 2 items
      1. The data gap: An analysis of data availability on disaster losses in sub-Saharan African cities - Emmanuel Osuteye, Cassidy Johnson, Donald Brown 12/2017

        Article Essential E-journal

    2. Additional Readings: 3 items
      1. Roundtable on Urban Living Environment Research (RULER) - David Vlahov, Siddharth Raj Agarwal, Robert M. Buckley, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa 10/2011

        Article  E-journal

      2. World disasters report 2002: focus on reducing risk - International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies 2002

        Book  To read: Chapter 2 "Urban Disaster trends".

      3. Researching health: qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods 2013

        Book  E-journal

  10. Session 9: Homeless and Inclusion Health 7 items
    This session will primarily describe UK and international evidence of the impact of homelessness on health and what works to improve health for people experiencing homelessness. It will also touch on other socially excluded populations, which heavily overlap with homeless populations, such as people who use drugs, people who are in contact with the criminal justice system, and people who sell sex. The session will draw on key concepts such as the social determinants of health and health inequalities. The interactive discussion will provide an opportunity for students to meet and talk with people with lived experience of homelessness, also known as 'experts by experience'.
    1. Essential Readings: 3 items
      1. What works in inclusion health: overview of effective interventions for marginalised and excluded populations - Serena Luchenski, Nick Maguire, Robert W Aldridge, Andrew Hayward 01/2018

        Article Essential E-journal

    2. Additional Readings: 4 items
      1. Shelter design can help people recover from homelessness - Jill Pable July 5, 2018 11.38am BSTJuly 5, 2018 11.38am BST

        Article Recommended

      2. Homelessness and the Response to Emerging Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Lessons from SARS - Leung, Cheryl SHo, Minnie MKiss, AlexGundlapalli, Adi VHwang, Stephen W May 2008

        Article Recommended E-journal

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