Created:
03/07/2013 12:56:02
Last updated:
19/03/2014 15:00:54
This list relates to the academic year Academic Year 2013/14 which ended on 01/07/2014
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  1. General introduction 2 items
    1. Course co-ordinator: Dr Andrew Garrard (a.garrard@ucl.ac.uk)

      • Undergraduate: Year 2 core: 0.5 units
      • One term (Spring term)

    2. See Aims section in course handbook.

  2. Lectures listing 1 item
    1. 1a. The Nature of Recent Hunter-Gatherer Societies   

       

      1b. Introduction to Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene Environments  

       

      2a. The Evolution and Spread of Modern Humans  

       

      2b. Introduction to the Technology of the Later Stone Age  

       

      3. The Emergence of Modern Humans in Africa  

       

      4. Neanderthals and First Modern Humans in the Near East and Europe  

       

      5. Adaptations of Hunter-Gatherers to the Last Glaciation in Europe

       

      6. Upper Palaeolithic Art - Its Nature and Interpretation

       

      7. The Emergence of Sedentism in the Near East

       

      8. Adaptations to the Post-Glacial in North-West Europe

       

      9. The Colonisation of Australasia

       

      10. The Colonisation of the Americas

  3. Lectures 149 items
    1. Lecture 1a: THE NATURE OF RECENT HUNTER-GATHERER SOCIETIES 10 items
      This session will examine the range of adaptations found amongst recent hunter-gatherer societies, focusing on subsistence strategies, demographic structure and social organization. There will also be discussion of the care which needs to be taken in the application of ethnographic parallels to the archaeological record.
      1. Essential reading 4 items
        1. The foraging spectrum: diversity in hunter-gatherer lifeways - Kelly, Robert L. c1995

          Book Essential

        2. Man the hunter - Lee, Richard B., Nash-Mitchell, Jill, DeVore, Irven, Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research 1968

          Book Essential See in particular Lee, Woodburn, Suttles and Balikci.

        3. Hunter-gatherers and human evolution - Marlowe, Frank W. 2005-04-13

          Article Essential

      2. Further reading 6 items
        1. The Northwest Coast - Kenneth M. Ames 2003-02-14

          Article 

        2. The Cambridge encyclopedia of hunters and gatherers - Lee, Richard B., Daly, Richard Heywood c1999

          Book 

        3. Hunter-gatherers: an interdisciplinary perspective - Rowley-Conwy, P., Layton, Robert, Panter-Brick, Catherine 2001

          Book 

        4. The Significance of Food Storage Among Hunter-Gatherers: Residence Patterns, Population Densities, and Social Inequalities [and Comments and Reply] - Alain Testart, Richard G. Forbis, Brian Hayden, Tim Ingold, Stephen M. Perlman, David L. Pokotylo, Peter Rowley-Conwy and David E. Stuart 1982

          Article 

        5. Egalitarian Societies - James Woodburn 1982

          Article 

    2. Lecture 1b: INTRODUCTION TO LATE PLEISTOCENE AND EARLY HOLOCENE ENVIRONMENTS 8 items
      An evaluation of the impact of global climate changes on regional environments and resources through the Upper Pleistocene and early Holocene. The review will discuss their likely effects on human communities and on the survival of archaeological sites.
      1. Essential reading 4 items
        1. Late Quaternary environmental change: physical and human perspectives - Bell, Martin, Walker, M. J. C. 2004

          Book 

        2. Reconstructing Quaternary environments - Lowe, J. J., Walker, M. J. C. 1997

          Book 

        3. The last interglacial-glacial cycle: 130-10 ka BP - J. J. Lowe, M. J. C. Walker

          Chapter Essential Digitised reading

      2. Further reading 4 items
        1. The Holocene: an environmental history - Roberts, Neil 1998

          Book 

    3. Lecture 2a: THE EVOLUTION AND SPREAD OF MODERN HUMANS 12 items
      An examination of the fossil and genetic evidence for the evolution of biologically modern humans in Africa and their spread across Eurasia and eventually to Australasia and the Americas. There will also be a discussion of the nature of the behavioural changes associated with modern humans and how they may be observed in the archaeological record.
      1. Evolution of Modern Humans 6 items
        1. Essential reading 2 items
          1. A Draft Sequence of the Neandertal Genome - R. E. Green, J. Krause, A. W. Briggs, T. Maricic 2010-05-07

            Article 

          2. Principles of human evolution - Lewin, Roger, Foley, Robert 2004

            Book Essential See Part 3

        2. Further reading 4 items
          1. Genomic Data Reveal a Complex Making of Humans - Isabel Alves, Anna Šrámková Hanulová, Matthieu Foll, Laurent Excoffier 2012-7-19

            Article 

          2. The human career: human biological and cultural origins - Klein, Richard G. 2009

            Book 

          3. Genetic history of an archaic hominin group from Denisova Cave in Siberia - David Reich, Richard E. Green, Martin Kircher, Johannes Krause 2010-12-23

            Article 

      2. Nature of 'Modernity' and the Human 'Behavioural Revolution' 6 items
        1. Essential reading 3 items
          1. The Origin of Modern Human Behavior: Critique of the Models and Their Test Implications - Henshilwood, Christopher S., Marean, Curtis W. 2003-12

            Article Essential

          2. The prehistory of the mind: a search for the origins of art, religion and science - Mithen, Steven J. 1998

            Book Essential See chapters 8-10

        2. Further reading 3 items
          1. Archaeological Evidence for the Emergence of Language, Symbolism, and Music—An Alternative Multidisciplinary Perspective - Francesco d'Errico, Christopher Henshilwood, Graeme Lawson, Marian Vanhaeren, Anne-Marie Tillier, Marie Soressi, Frédérique Bresson, Bruno Maureille, April Nowell, Joseba Lakarra, Lucinda Backwell and Michèle Julien 2003

            Article 

          2. Late Pleistocene Demography and the Appearance of Modern Human Behavior - A. Powell, S. Shennan, M. G. Thomas 2009-06-05

            Article 

    4. Lecture 2b: INTRODUCTION TO THE TECHNOLOGY OF THE LATER STONE AGE 3 items
      An introduction to the development of technology through the Stone Age and particularly to the developments associated with modern human hunter-gatherers. This session will include a practical.
      1. Essential reading 2 items
        1. The technology of knapped stone: followed by a multilingual vocabulary arabic, english, french, german, greek, italian, russian, spanish - Inizan, Marie-Louise, Roche, Hélène, Reduron-Ballinger, Michèle, Tixier, Jacques 1992

          Book Essential

        2. Flintknapping: making and understanding stone tools - Whittaker, John C. 1994

          Book 

      2. Further reading 1 item
        1. Lithics: macroscopic approaches to analysis - Andrefsky, William c2005

          Book 

    5. Lecture 3: THE EMERGENCE OF MODERN HUMANS IN AFRICA 12 items
      Homo sapiens are thought to have evolved in Africa between 200-150 kyr. This session will examine the archaeological evidence from the Middle Stone Age of Africa for the emergence of modern forms of human behaviour. This will include evidence for symbolic expression in the use of pigments and body ornamentation, innovations in technology and subsistence strategies, and colonisation of new habitats.
      1. Essential reading 4 items
        1. The origin of symbolic culture - K. Watts

          Chapter Essential Digitised reading

      2. Further reading 8 items
        1. The first Africans: African archaeology from the earliest toolmakers to most recent foragers - Barham, Lawrence, Mitchell, Peter 2008

          Book 

        2. An early and enduring advanced technology originating 71,000 years ago in South Africa - Kyle S. Brown, Curtis W. Marean, Zenobia Jacobs, Benjamin J. Schoville 2012-11-7

          Article 

        3. Middle Stone Age Shell Beads from South Africa - Henshilwood, Christopher et al.

          Article 

    6. Lecture 4: NEANDERTHALS AND FIRST MODERN HUMANS IN THE NEAR EAST AND EUROPE 20 items
      Early modern humans appear to have spread into the Near East by 100 kyr and into Europe by 40 kyr, and in both areas eventually replaced Neanderthal populations. There has been much interest in the behavioural distinctions between the two species and the nature of any possible interactions. This session will discuss the archaeological evidence from the regions.
      1. Near East 10 items
        1. Essential reading 4 items
          1. The palaeolithic origins of human burial - Pettitt, Paul 2011

            Book 

        2. Further Reading 6 items
          1. Shells and ochre in Middle Paleolithic Qafzeh Cave, Israel: indications for modern behavior - Daniella E. Bar-Yosef Mayer, Bernard Vandermeersch, Ofer Bar-Yosef 2009-03

            Article 

          2. Chronology of Ksar Akil (Lebanon) and Implications for the Colonization of Europe by Anatomically Modern Humans - Katerina Douka, Christopher A. Bergman, Robert E. M. Hedges, Frank P. Wesselingh 2013-9-11

            Article 

      2. Europe 10 items
        1. Essential reading 4 items
          1. Neandertals and moderns mixed, and it matters - Zilhão, João 2006-10-24

            Article Essential

        2. Further reading 6 items
          1. Early dispersal of modern humans in Europe and implications for Neanderthal behaviour - Stefano Benazzi, Katerina Douka, Cinzia Fornai, Catherine C. Bauer 2011-11-2

            Article 

          2. Birds of a Feather: Neanderthal Exploitation of Raptors and Corvids - Clive Finlayson, Kimberly Brown, Ruth Blasco, Jordi Rosell 2012-9-17

            Article 

          3. Symbolic use of marine shells and mineral pigments by Iberian Neandertals - J. Zilhao, D. E. Angelucci, E. Badal-Garcia, F. d'Errico 2010-01-19

            Article 

    7. Lecture 5: ADAPTATIONS OF HUNTER-GATHERERS TO THE LAST GLACIATION IN EUROPE 13 items
      This session will examine the adaptations of hunter-gatherers to the coldest stages of the last glacial period in Europe. It will examine subsistence and settlement strategies in two contrasting regions: in south western France with its seeming focus on reindeer hunting, and the Ukraine where the emphasis appears to have been on mammoth. There will also be an examination of mortuary traditions in various parts of Europe and their potential social implications.
      1. Essential reading 4 items
        1. The upper paleolithic of Europe: An overview - Lawrence Guy Straus 2005-06-01

          Article 

      2. Further reading 9 items
        1. The palaeolithic societies of Europe - Gamble, Clive 1999

          Book  See Chapters 6 and 7

        2. Specialized Early Upper Palaeolithic Hunters in Southwestern France? - Donald K. Grayson, Françoise Delpech 2002-12

          Article 

        3. The human career: human biological and cultural origins - Klein, Richard G. 2009

          Book  Chapter 7-8

        4. The palaeolithic origins of human burial - Pettitt, Paul 2011

          Book  Chapters 6-7

    8. Lecture 6: UPPER PALAEOLITHIC ART - ITS NATURE AND INTERPRETATION 14 items
      This session will examine the prolific cave art and portable art found in various parts of Europe through the Upper Palaeolithic. This will include a detailed analysis of the imagery at two French cave sites: Chauvet (ca 32 kyr) and Lascaux (ca 17 kyr). There will also be a detailed discussion of the various interpretions of Upper Palaeolithic art, much of which is based on ethnographic analogy.
      1. Essential reading 4 items
        1. Journey through the Ice Age - Bahn, Paul G., Vertut, Jean 1997

          Book Essential

        2. Archaeological Evidence for the Emergence of Language, Symbolism, and Music—An Alternative Multidisciplinary Perspective - Francesco d'Errico, Christopher Henshilwood, Graeme Lawson, Marian Vanhaeren, Anne-Marie Tillier, Marie Soressi, Frédérique Bresson, Bruno Maureille, April Nowell, Joseba Lakarra, Lucinda Backwell and Michèle Julien 2003

          Article 

        3. The mind in the cave: consciousness and the origins of art - Lewis-Williams, J. David 2002

          Book 

        4. The “Venus” Figurines: Textiles, Basketry, Gender, and Status in the Upper Paleolithic - Soffer, O., Adovasio, J. M., Hyland, D. C. 2000-08

          Article Essential

      2. Further reading 10 items
        1. Beyond art: Pleistocene image and symbol - Conkey, Margaret Wright, California Academy of Sciences, Paul L. and Phyllis Wattis Foundation Endowment Symposium, Oregon Archaeological Retreat c1997

          Book Essential See chapters by Clottes, Lewis-Williams and Marshack.

        2. The Signs of All Times: Entoptic Phenomena in Upper Palaeolithic Art [and Comments and Reply] - J. D. Lewis-Williams, T. A. Dowson, Paul G. Bahn, H.-G. Bandi, Robert G. Bednarik, John Clegg, Mario Consens, Whitney Davis, Brigitte Delluc, Gilles Delluc, Paul Faulstich, John Halverson, Robert Layton, Colin Martindale, Vil Mirimanov, Christy G. Turner II, Joan M. Vastokas, Michael Winkelman and Alison Wylie 1988

          Article 

        3. U-Series Dating of Paleolithic Art in 11 Caves in Spain - A. W. G. Pike, D. L. Hoffmann, M. Garcia-Diez, P. B. Pettitt 2012-06-15

          Article 

        4. The cave of Lascaux: the final photographic record - Ruspoli, Mario, Wormell, Sebastian, Coppens, Yves 1987

          Book 

    9. Lecture 7: THE EMERGENCE OF SEDENTISM IN THE NEAR EAST 14 items
      Coinciding with the dramatic changes in global climate at the end of the Pleistocene, there is evidence for increasing sedentarisation amongst hunter-gatherer groups in the Levant. This session will explore the archaeological evidence for semi-permanent residence in resource-rich areas, and the associated changes in food procurement strategies and in social and ideological practices.
      1. Essential reading 4 items
        1. The Natufian culture in the Levant - Valla, François Raymond, Bar-Yosef, Ofer c1991

          Book  See chapters by Edwards, Moore, Tchernov and Belfer-Cohen.

        2. Death, Mortuary Ritual, and Natufian Social Structure - Byrd, Brian F., Monahan, Christopher M. 1995-9

          Article Essential

        3. The Pre-Natufian Epipaleolithic: Long-term Behavioral Trends in the Levant - Lisa A. Maher, Tobias Richter, Jay T. Stock 2012-03

          Article 

      2. Further reading 10 items
        1. Problems of recognizing earliest sedentism: the Natufian example - P. C. Edwards 1989

          Article  Digitised reading: this issue of the journal available only in print at UCL.

        2. A 12,000-year-old Shaman burial from the southern Levant (Israel) - L. Grosman, N. D. Munro, A. Belfer-Cohen 2008-11-18

          Article 

        3. Twenty Thousand-Year-Old Huts at a Hunter-Gatherer Settlement in Eastern Jordan - Lisa A. Maher, Tobias Richter, Danielle Macdonald, Matthew D. Jones 2012-2-15

          Article 

    10. Lecture 8: ADAPTATIONS TO THE POST-GLACIAL IN NORTH-WEST EUROPE 12 items
      At the end of the Pleistocene and during the early Holocene, there were dramatic changes in the environments of north-west Europe. This session will discuss the recolonisation of this region and the adaptations of the Mesolithic communities – particularly in technology, subsistence, settlement and social practice. There will be a focus on the extremely well-preserved record from southern Scandinavia but with reference to Britain and Ireland.
      1. Essential reading 5 items
        1. The Mesolithic Age - Mithen, S. J.

          Chapter  Digitised reading

        2. Economic prehistory in Southern Scandinavia - Rowley-Conwy, P.

          Chapter Essential Digitised reading

      2. Further reading 7 items
        1. Star Carr in context: new archaeological and palaeoecological investigations at the Early Mesolithic site of Star Carr, North Yorkshire - Mellars, Paul, Dark, Petra, Clogg, P., McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research c1998

          Book 

        2. Late Stone Age hunters of the British Isles - Smith, Christopher 1992

          Book 

    11. Lecture 9: THE COLONISATION OF AUSTRALASIA 15 items
      Archaeological evidence suggests that Modern Humans reached Australia by 50 kyr and had colonized most habitable areas of the continent by 25 kyr. This session will examine the nature of the colonization process and the possible impact that the populations had on the indigenous fauna and flora. It will also discuss the earlier colonization of what is now island south-east Asia and the enigma of the dwarf fossil hominins found on Flores.
      1. Essential reading 5 items
        1. Looking for the archaeological signature in Australian Megafaunal extinctions - Judith Field, Stephen Wroe, Clive N. Trueman, Jillian Garvey 2013-2

          Article 

        2. The revolution that didn't arrive: A review of Pleistocene Sahul - Phillip J. Habgood, Natalie R. Franklin 2008-8

          Article 

      2. Further reading 10 items
        1. Human Adaptation and Plant Use in Highland New Guinea 49,000 to 44,000 Years Ago - G. R. Summerhayes, M. Leavesley, A. Fairbairn, H. Mandui 2010-10-01

          Article 

        2. Genetic evidence for the colonization of Australia - Sheila van Holst Pellekaan 2013-2

          Article 

    12. Lecture 10: THE COLONISATION OF THE AMERICAS 16 items
      North and South America were the last continents to be colonized by Modern Humans and there is still much controversy about the date and nature of this process as well as the origins of the populations. This session will examine the various lines of evidence, and as with Australasia will also discuss the factors which may have led to the extinction of many species of large mammal.
      1. Essential reading 5 items
        1. Clovis Age Western Stemmed Projectile Points and Human Coprolites at the Paisley Caves - D. L. Jenkins, L. G. Davis, T. W. Stafford, P. F. Campos 2012-07-13

          Article 

      2. Further reading 11 items
        1. Pleistocene Megafaunal Collapse, Novel Plant Communities, and Enhanced Fire Regimes in North America - J. L. Gill, J. W. Williams, S. T. Jackson, K. B. Lininger 2009-11-20

          Article 

        2. A requiem for North American overkill - Grayson, Donald K., Meltzer, David J. 2003-5

          Article Essential

        3. Environment and archeology in Beringia - Hoffecker, John F., Elias, Scott A. 2003-02-14

          Article 

        4. On a Pleistocence human occupation at Pedra Furada, Brazil - David J. Meltzer, James M. Adovasio, Tom D. Dillehay 1994

          Article 

        5. Pre-Clovis Mastodon Hunting 13,800 Years Ago at the Manis Site, Washington - M. R. Waters, T. W. Stafford, H. G. McDonald, C. Gustafson 2011-10-21

          Article 

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